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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, Prevalence of obesity by socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics in the study population (N = 1249)

From: Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors among adults in Kinondoni municipal district, Dar es Salaam Tanzania

Characteristic/Risk factor Total number studied (%) Number Obese Percentage obese P-value
Age groups     
   18-24 330 (26.4) 22 6.7  
   25-34 413 (33.1) 65 15.7  
   35-44 251 (20.1) 72 28.7  
   45-54 144 (11.5) 46 31.9  
   55+ 111 (8.9) 35 31.5 0.001*
Sex     
   Male 435 (34.8) 39 9.0  
   Female 814 (65.2) 201 24.7 < 0.001
Marital status     
   Single 421 (33.7) 35 8.3  
   Married/Cohabiting 701 (56.1) 165 23.5  
   Divorcee 67 (5.4) 20 29.9  
   Widow(er) 60 (4.8) 20 33.3 < 0.001
Education     
   Informal 129 (10.3) 34 26.4  
   Primary 831 (66.5) 162 19.5  
   Secondary 246 (19.7) 35 14.2  
   Post-secondary 43 (3.5) 9 20.9 0.04
Parity (females only, N = 814)     
   0 166 (20.4) 15 9.0  
   1 175 (21.5) 28 16.0  
   2 171 (21.0) 51 29.8  
   3 100 (12.3) 28 28.0  
   4 60 (7.4) 18 30.0  
   5+ 142 (17.4) 61 43.0 < 0.001
Socio-economic status     
   Low 53 (4.2) 6 11.3  
   Medium 775 (62.0) 111 14.3  
   High 421 (33.7) 123 29.2 < 0.001*
Type of physical activity     
   Light 192 (15.4) 50 26.0  
   Moderate 795 (63.7) 170 21.4  
   Vigorous 262 (20.9) 20 7.6 < 0.001*
Adequacy of physical activities     
   Adequate 1039 (83.2) 194 18.7  
   Inadequate 210 (16.8) 46 21.9 0.278
Alcohol consumption     
   Yes 242 (19.4) 53 21.9  
   No 1007 (80.6) 187 18.6 0.238
  1. P values refer to chi squared test for the deference observed between obese and non obese respondents
  2. * P value for trend