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Table 2 Factors associated with underestimation of weight in overweight/ obese individuals

From: Underestimation of weight and its associated factors among overweight and obese adults in Pakistan: a cross sectional study

Variables Misperceived
n (%)
Crude Odds ratio
(95% CI)
Adjusted Odds ratio
(95% CI)
Age    
≥ 40 110 (75.3) 1.91 (1.17-3.11)** 3.40 (1.81-6.39)***
< 40 104 (61.5) 1  
Gender    
Male 162 (76.8) 3.31 (2.01-5.45) *** 2.97 (1.62 -5.44)***
Female 52 ( 50)   
Educational status    
Illiterate 12 (66.7) 0.81 (0.24-2.72) 0.53 (0.12-2.31)
Undergrad 60 (63.2) 0.70 (0.31-1.58) 0.53 (0.19-1.42)
Graduate 113 (70.6) 0.98 (0.45-2.13) 0.96 (0.37-2.43)
Postgraduate 27 (71.1) 1  
Feelings about weight    
Happy/Don't think 159 (82.8) 5.96 (3.55-9.99) *** 6.41 (3.38-12.16)***
Unhappy 55 (44.7) 1  
Knowledge of ones's ideal weight    
Don't know weight 39 (75) 1.51 (0.77-2.97) 2.45 (1.10-5.47)*
Know weight 175 (66.5) 1  
Weight checked in last two years    
Not checked 32 (71) 1.19 (0.60-2.38) 1.37 (0.59-3.16)
Checked 182 (67.4) 1  
Weight advice given by health professionals    
Not given 142 (70.3) 1.35 (0.83-2.2) 0.74 (0.39-1.42)
Given 72 (63.7) 1  
Presence of comorbid conditions (DM, HTN, dyslipidemia)    
Yes 59 (81.9) 2.58 (1.34-4.96)** 1.59 ( 0.75-3.39)
No 155 (63.8) 1  
  1. *** p value < 0.001, ** p value < 0.01, * p value < 0.05
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