Skip to main content

Table 4 Bivariate analyses of concurrent multiple health risk behaviors among boys and adolescents by socio-demographic backgrounds and peer influence

From: Concurrent multiple health risk behaviors among adolescents in Luangnamtha province, Lao PDR

Variable Boys Girls
  N No risk One risk Two or more P-value N No risk One risk Two or more P-value
   % % %    % % %  
Age      <.001      .002
   14-15 184 62.5 24.5 13   263 62.4 30.4 7.2  
   16-19 485 29.7 46.0 24.3   428 49.8 43.7 6.5  
Attending school      <.001      <.001
   Out-of school 187 24.1 43.3 32.6   242 44.2 40.9 14.9  
   In school 482 44.4 38.8 16.8   449 60.1 37.4 2.4  
Adolescent's education      <.005      <.001
   Illiterate 28 28.6 42.9 28.6   79 43.0 29.1 27.8  
   Primary 196 43.9 29.6 26.5   206 54.9 34.0 11.2  
   Secondary & others 445 37.1 44.5 18.4   406 56.7 42.9 0.5  
Ethnicity      <.001      <.001
   Lao 241 36.5 43.6 19.9   263 51.3 48.3 0.4  
   Akha 123 43.1 26.8 30.1   126 52.4 23.8 23.8  
   Hmong & Yao 90 63.3 28.9 7.8   82 76.8 19.5 3.7  
   Khamu 215 28.4 48.4 23.3   220 51.4 42.7 5.9  
Living arrangement      .338      .582
   Other 138 33.3 44.2 22.5   106 53.8 41.5 4.7  
   Family 531 40.1 39.0 20.9   585 54.7 38.1 7.2  
Father's education      .014      <.001
   Illiterate 163 46.0 28.8 25.2   171 50.9 32.2 17.0  
   Primary 242 36.4 43.8 19.8   238 57.1 39.5 3.4  
   Secondary & others 149 38.9 45.0 16.1   112 59.8 40.2 0  
Mother's education      .029      <.001
   Illiterate 335 43.3 34.6 22.1   339 54.9 33.9 11.2  
   Primary 190 34.2 48.9 16.8   198 53.5 45.5 1.0  
   Secondary & others 65 41.5 41.5 16.9   52 53.8 46.2 0  
Peers using alcohol      <.001      <.001
   No 179 63.1 20.1 16.8   226 73.5 18.1 8.4  
   Yes 490 29.8 47.3 22.9   465 45.4 48.6 6.0  
Peers smoking      <.001      .009
   No 375 52.3 33.9 13.9   636 56.0 37.9 6.1  
   Yes 294 21.4 48.0 30.6   55 38.2 47.3 14.5  
Peer using drug      .008      .271
   No 643 39.5 40.2 20.2   669 55.0 38.4 6.6  
   Yes 26 15.4 42.3 42.3   22 40.9 45.5 13.6  
Peers being sexually active      <.001      <.001
   No 279 49.5 40.1 10.4   586 58.4 36.9 4.8  
   Yes 390 31.0 40.0 29.0   105 33.3 48.6 18.1  
Peers have been pregnant      .003      .132
   No 625 40.2 39.8 20.0   647 55.5 38.0 6.5  
   Yes 44 18.2 43.2 38.6   44 40.9 47.7 11.4  
Total 669 38.7 40.1 21.2   691 54.6 38.6 6.8