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Table 3 Patterns of health risk behaviors among adolescents 14-19 years, in Luangnamtha province, Lao PDR

From: Concurrent multiple health risk behaviors among adolescents in Luangnamtha province, Lao PDR

  Within category  
  Male
(n = 669)
Female
(n = 691)
P- value
No risk - - <.001
One single risk - -  
Alcohol use 45.6 39.5 .025
Current smoking 19.1 0.4 <.001
Currently sexual active 56.9 64.6 .312
Having first sexual intercourse before 15 years 29.7 40 .129
Not using condoms during last intercourse 63.2 72.3 .231
Two risks    
Alcohol drinking & smoking 14.9 0.3 <.001
Alcohol drinking & sexual active 9.4 2.0 <.001
Alcohol drinking & first sex before 15 years 2.8 0.9 <.001
Alcohol drinking & not using condoms 9.4 2.5 <.001
Smoking & sexual active 5.7 0.1 <.001
Smoking & first sex before 15 years 2.2 0 <.001
Smoking & not using condoms 7.2 0.1 <.001
Sexually active & first sex before 15 years 5.4 2.5 <.001
Sexually active & not using condom 9.6 4.2 <.001
Three risks    
Alcohol drinking, smoking, & sexually active 5.5 0.1 <.001
Alcohol drinking, smoking, & first sex before 15 years 1.5 0 <.001
Alcohol drinking, smoking, & not using condoms 5.5 0.1 <.001
Sexual active, first sex before 15 years & not using condoms 3.6 1.6 <.001
Four risks    
Alcohol drinking, smoking, sexual active & not using condoms 3.0 0.1 <.001
Alcohol drinking, smoking, sexual active & first sex before 15 years 1.2 0 <.001
Five risks    
Alcohol drinking, smoking, sexual active, first sex before 15 years & not using condoms 0.9 0 <.001
  1. Chi-square was used to test the difference between boys and girls for the
  2. younger and older adolescents and
  3. Fisher's exact test was used when each cell has an expected value less
  4. than 5 more than 20%.