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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristic of adolescents aged 14-19 years old and their parents in Luangnamtha province, Lao PDR

From: Concurrent multiple health risk behaviors among adolescents in Luangnamtha province, Lao PDR

Variables Total   Boys   Girls   p-value
  N = 1360 % N = 669 % N = 691 %  
Age        <.001
   =<15 447 32.9 184 27.5 263 38.1  
   16-19 913 67.1 485 72.5 428 61.9  
Ethnicity        .784
   Lao 504 37.1 241 36.0 263 38.1  
   Akha 249 18.3 123 18.4 126 18.2  
   Khamu 435 32.0 215 32.1 220 31.8  
   Hmong & Yao 172 12.6 90 13.5 82 11.9  
Education        <.001
   Never 107 7.9 28 4.2 79 11.4  
   Primary 402 29.5 196 29.3 206 29.8  
   Secondary & higher 851 62.6 445 66.5 406 58.8  
Attending school        .005
   Out-of school 429 31.5 187 28.0 242 35.0  
   In-school 931 68.5 482 72.0 449 65.0  
Source of income*        
   Working 567 41.7 244 36.5 323 46.7 <.001
   Parents 1164 85.6 559 83.6 605 87.6 .037
   Scholarship 18 1.3 12 1.8 6 0.9 .158
   Relative 166 12.2 95 14.2 71 10.3 .031
   Others 92 6.8 10 1.5 82 11.9 <.001
Living arrangement        .013
   Other 244 17.9 137 20.5 107 15.3  
   Family 1116 82.1 531 79.5 585 84.7  
Father's education        .107
   Illiterate 334 31.0 163 29.5 171 32.8  
   Primary 480 44.7 242 43.7 238 45.7  
   Secondary & higher 261 24.3 149 26.9 112 21.5  
Mother's education        .442
   Illiterate 674 57.2 335 56.8 339 57.6  
   Primary 388 32.9 190 32.2 198 33.6  
   Secondary & higher 117 9.9 65 11.0 52 8.8  
  1. Note:
  2. N for mother's education = 1179 due to separated/divorced and death
  3. N for father's education = 1075 due to separated/divorced and death
  4. Chi-square was used to test the difference between boys and girls and Fisher's exact
  5. test was used, when the expected value is less than 5 more than 20%.
  6. * This is the multiple responses and the percentages were calculated based on the
  7. number of respondents, the sum of responses therefore may be ≥100%