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Table 3 Results of the logistic regression analyses of mobile FSWs experience of physical violence or sexual violence (among those who experienced violence) and reproductive health and HIV risks (n = 1,676)

From: Experience of violence and adverse reproductive health outcomes, HIV risks among mobile female sex workers in India

Dependent variables Experienced physical violence Experienced sexual violence (with/without physical violence) OR1,a(95% CI) Adjusted OR2,a(95%CI)
Reproductive health risks     
FSWs who reported:     
≤4 pregnancies     
Yes 18.9 15.1 0.8 (0.6-0.9)* 0.9 (0.7-1.3)
No 81.1 84.9 Referent Referent
Any pregnancy loss     
Yes 33.1 29.9 0.9 (0.7-1.0) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
No 66.9 70.1 Referent Referent
Any forced termination of pregnancy     
Yes 24.3 23.1 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
No 75.7 76.9 Referent Referent
Multiple forced termination of pregnancies     
Yes 6.8 8.5 1.2 (0.9-1.8) 1.1 (0.8-1.7)
No 93.2 91.5 Referent Referent
Symptoms of RTI 3 (in last six months)     
Yes 61.1 66.5 1.2 (1.0-1.5)** 1.3 (1.0-1.7)**
No 38.9 33.5 Referent Referent
HIV risks     
Inconsistent condom use (in last two years)     
Yes 54.1 68.4 1.8 (1.5-2.2)*** 1.8 (1.4-2.3)***
No 45.9 31.6 Referent Referent
Inconsistent condom use (in last 7 days)     
Yes 41.5 58.2 1.9 (1.6-2.4)*** 1.8 (1.5-2.3)***
No 58.5 41.8 Referent Referent
STI 4 symptoms (in last six months)     
Yes 65.5 70.1 1.2 (1.0-1.5)* 1.3 (1.1-1.7)**
No 34.5 29.9 Referent Referent
Perception of HIV risk     
High/moderate 53.4 47.9 0.8 (0.6-0.9)** 0.9 (0.8-1.1)
Low 46.6 52.1 Referent Referent
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001
  2. 1 Odds ratio (unadjusted)
  3. 2 Adjusted odds ratio: adjusted for age, education, marital status, duration of sex work, type of sex work, program exposure, mobility
  4. 3 Women reporting experience of any of the following two symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: excessive vaginal discharge, or pain in lower abdomen
  5. 4 Women reporting experience of any of the following four symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: ulcers/sores in genital area, swelling in groin area, pain during intercourse, or frequent/sometimes painful urination
  6. a Dependent variable: Predicting 'yes' on each of the dependent variables for reproductive health and HIV risks
  7. b Odds ratios are presented for key independent variable: Experienced physical violence only = Reference Category; Experienced sexual violence with or without physical violence = 1.