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Table 2 Results of the logistic regression analyses of mobile FSWs, with or without the experience of violence, and reproductive health risk and HIV risk (N = 5498)

From: Experience of violence and adverse reproductive health outcomes, HIV risks among mobile female sex workers in India

Dependent Variable Among FSWs who did not experience violence Among FSWs who experienced violence OR1,a,b(95% CI) Adjusted OR2,a,b(95%CI)
Reproductive health risks     
FSWs who reported:     
≥4 pregnancies     
Yes 13.5 16.5 1.3(1.1-1.4)** 1.2(1.0-1.6)*
No 86.5 83.5 Referent Referent
Any pregnancy loss     
Yes 24.5 31.1 1.3(1.2-1.5)*** 1.4(1.2-1.6)***
No 75.5 68.9 Referent Referent
Any forced termination of pregnancy     
Yes 11.8 23.5 2.3(1.9-2.6)*** 2.4(2.0-2.7)***
No 88.2 76.5 Referent Referent
Multiple forced termination of pregnancies     
Yes 4.0 7.9 2.0(1.6-2.6)*** 2.2(1.7-2.8)***
No 96.0 92.1 Referent Referent
Symptoms of RTI 3 (in last six months)     
Yes 54.9 64.5 1.5(1.3-1.6)*** 1.5(1.3-1.7)***
No 45.1 35.5 Referent Referent
HIV risks     
Inconsistent condom use (in last two years)     
Yes 47.8 63.1 1.8(1.6-2.1)*** 2.0(1.7-2.3)***
No 52.2 36.9 Referent Referent
Inconsistent condom use (in last 7 days)     
Yes 41.4 52.1 1.5(1.4-1.7)*** 1.7(1.4-2.0)***
No 58.6 47.9 Referent Referent
STI 4 symptoms (in last six months)     
Yes 51.0 68.4 2.0(1.8-2.3)*** 2.1(1.8-2.4)***
No 49.0 31.6 Referent Referent
Perception of HIV risk     
High/Moderate 34.8 49.6 1.8(1.6-2.1)*** 1.8(1.6-2.0)***
Low 65.2 50.1 Referent Referent
  1. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001
  2. 1 Odds ratio (unadjusted)
  3. 2 Adjusted odds ratio: adjusted for age, education, marital status, duration of sex work, type of sex work, program exposure, mobility
  4. 3 Women reporting experience of any of the following two symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: excessive vaginal discharge, or pain in lower abdomen
  5. 4 Women reporting experience of any of the following four symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: ulcers/sores in genital area, swelling in groin area, pain during intercourse, or frequent/sometimes painful urination
  6. a Dependent variable: Predicting 'yes' on each of the dependent variables for reproductive health and HIV risks
  7. b Odds ratios are presented for key independent variable: Experienced no violence = Reference Category; Experienced violence = 1).