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Table 3 Prevalence of neonatal complications and characteristics amongst the infants who received donor breastmilk and/or formula milk for > 24 hours (n = 106)

From: Feasibility and safety of setting up a donor breastmilk bank in a neonatal prem unit in a resource limited setting: An observational, longitudinal cohort study

Complications (% within each type of feed) Type of feeds received
  Formula (n = 66) Donor breastmilk (n = 18) Both formula and donor (n = 22)
Neonatal sepsis 61(92.4) 18(100) 20 (90.9)
Neonatal jaundice 54 (81.8) 15 (83.3) 20 (90.9)
NEC 10 (15.2) 2 (11.1) 5(22.7)
Abdominal distension 22 (33.3) 7 (38.9) 7 (31.8)
Feeds intolerance 15 (22.7) 2 (11.1) 7 (31.8)
Hypoglycemia 1 (1.5) 0 (0) 1 (4.5)
Pneumonia 5 (7.6) 2 (11.1) 2 (9.1)
Severe respiratory distress requiring CPAP or IPPV 20 (30.3) 8 (44.4) 7 (31.8)
Seizures 3(4.5) 1(5.6) 1(4.5)
Meningitis 1(1.5) 0 (0) 2 (9.1)
Nosocomial sepsis 35 (53) 11(61.1) 20 (90.9)
Severe anaemia requiring transfusion 20 (30.3) 6 (33.3) 10 (45.4)
Broncho-pulmonary dysplasia (BPD) 8 (12.1) 4 (22.2) 4 (18.2)
IVH 6 (9.1) 0 (0) 6 (27.3)
Superficial infections 15 (22.7) 4 (22.2) 6 (27.3)
Congenital syphilis 1 (1.5) 0 (0) 1 (4.5)
Duration of hospitalization (days): Median (Range) 22 (5-71) 16.5 (6-44) 25 (11-72)
Weight gain per week (kg): Median (Range) 0.054
(-0.28-0.18)
0.059
(-0.06-0.23)
0.057
(-0.06-0.12)
  1. *p values were not significant (< 0.05) for the differences between the three groups