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Table 3 Covariates of HCV infection in IDUs (univariate analysis)

From: A hepatitis A, B, C and HIV prevalence and risk factor study in ever injecting and non-injecting drug users in Luxembourg associated with HAV and HBV immunisations

Parameter Category N per category HCV +
N (%)
OR 95%CI
Age, years (N = 268) 18-24 61 36 (59.0) 1.0  
  25+ 207 182 (87.9) 5.0 [2.6; 9.8]
Settings (N = 268) OTC 103 74 (71.8) 1  
  ITC + PC 165 144 (87.3) 2.7 [1.4; 5.0]
Heroin career, years (N = 239) 0-5 51 33 (64.7) 1  
  6+ 188 166 (88.3) 4.1 [2.0; 8.5]
Cocaine career, years (N = 240) 0-5 89 64 (71.9) 1.0  
  6+ 151 131 (86.8) 2.6 [1.3; 4.9]
Cannabis, years (N = 248) 0-5 36 24 (66.7) 1.0  
  6+ 212 182 (85.8) 3.0 [1.4; 6.7]
Speedball career, years (N = 179) 0-5 111 84 (75.7) 1.0  
  6+ 68 63 (92.6) 4.1 [1.5; 11.1]
Last heroin consumption, m:month (N = 267) 0-1m 155 117 (75.5) 1  
  2m + 112 100 (89.3) 2.7 [1.3; 5.5]
Last amphetamine consumption y:year (N = 164) 1y 29 18 (62.1) 1  
  2 y + 135 111 (82.2) 2.8 [1.2; 6.7]
Sex partners, number in last 6 months (N = 267) None 162 139 (85.6) 1  
  1+ 105 78 (74.3) 0.5 [0.2; 0.9]
Substitution treatment, (N = 268) No 22 13 (59.1) 1.0  
  Yes 246 205 (83.3) 3.5 [1.4; 8.6]
Imprisoned, times (N = 267) 0-1 197 153 (77.7) 1  
  2+ 70 64 (91.4) 3.1 [1.2; 7.6]
Drug use in prison, (N = 189) No 75 55 (73.3) 1  
  Yes 114 103 (90.3) 3.4 [1.5; 7.5]