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Table 3 Estimated coefficients of bivariate probit models for accurate and inaccurate knowledge of HIV transmission routes among young people in Bandjoun (Cameroon)

From: Fostering accurate HIV/AIDS knowledge among unmarried youths in Cameroon: Do family environment and peers matter?

  Gross effects Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Variables Accurate Inaccurate Accurate Inaccurate Accurate Inaccurate Accurate Inaccurate
Family environment         
Family structure (Ref.: Grandparents)         
   Two-parent .201**(.085) -.147(.089) .175**(.087) -.169*(.092) .193**(.087) -.160*(.092) .138**(.069) -.146(.102)
   Father-only .387***(.107) -.005(.114) .388**(.148) -.006(.156) .328**(.146) -.024(.156) .226*(.121) -.041(.168)
   Mother-only .175*(.099) -.314**(.110) .119(.103) -.369**(.114) .138(.102) -.359**(.114) .065(.109) -.297**(.119)
   Brother/Sister .329**(.114) -.212*(.126) .338**(.119) -.193(.129) .367**(.119) -.179(.129) .204**(.099) .171(.136)
   Uncle/Aunts .174(.139) -.326**(.159) .132(.145) -.409**(.165) .151(.144) -.399**(.165) .115(.151) -.378**(.170)
HWI (Ref.: middle/rich) -.238***(.048) .078(.053)      -.162**(.069) .069(.072)
Parent/guardian-child communication .118 ***(.014) -.041**(.014) .116***(.015) -.041**(.016)    .048**(.018) -.039**(.019)
Education of P/G (Ref. : none)         
   Primary .104(.065) .016(.071)      .086(.074) .047(.081)
   Secondary & + .192**(.068) -.149*(.077)      .112*(.061) -.102(.093)
Peer influences         
   Peer-to-peer communication .081***(.012) .022(.014)    .079***(.013) .024*(.014) .066**(.032) .007(.017)
Individual factors         
Gender Male (Ref.: Female) -.056(.056) .027(.063)      .023(.045) .021(.064)
Age (in years) .112***(.002) .040*(.021)      .052***(.011) .021*(.011)
Education (in years completed) .105***(.008) -.095**(.048)      .082**(.013) -.053***(.013)
Sexually experienced (Ref.: NO) .413***(.045) .141**(.049)      .103**(.041) .134*(.068)
Migratory status (Ref.: non-migrant) .166***(.044) .084*(.049)      .043*(.024) .039(.068)
Religion (Ref.: Catholic)         
   Protestants .030 (.049) -.029(.055)      .021(.068) -.025(.074)
   Other -.046(.089) -.025(.099)      -.025(.130) -.036(.139)
Community characteristics         
CDI (Ref. : middle/rich) -.084*(.051) .143**(.058)      -.051(.071) .111**(.052)
Type Residence (Ref. : rural) .127**(.058) -.162**(.062)      .086*(.048) -.152**(.067)
ρ (Rho) n/a .238*** .235*** .261***
Log- likelihood n/a -2 351.814 -2 366.474 -2 224.502
  1. Source: CFHS (2002) Models 1: Family structure + parent-child communication; Model 2: Family structure + peer-to-peer communication; Model 3: Full model. *** p < 0.01 (two-tailed test); ** p < 0.05 (two-tailed test); * p < 0.10 (two-tailed test)