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Table 2 Characteristics of DRUID participants by gender.

From: High rates of albuminuria but not of low eGFR in Urban Indigenous Australians: the DRUID Study

  Male (n = 274) Female (n = 586)
Age (years) 35.3 ± 14.1 37.2 ± 14.8
Smoking Status (%):   
Non-smoker: 31% 33%
Ex-smoker: 26% 24%
Current smoker: 43% 43%
Type 2 Diabetes (%) 15.3% 19.5%
Height (cm) 174.1 ± 7.1 161.9 ± 6.1
Weight (kg) 84.0 ± 19.8 75.1 ± 20.0
BMI (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 5.8 28.6 ± 7.5**
Waist (cm) 96.7 ± 15.3 93.6 ± 17.1**
WHR 0.95 ± 0.08 0.88 ± 0.10
SBP (mmHg) 121.4 ± 15.4 114.8 ± 16.4
DBP (mmHg) 75.2 ± 11.1 72.9 ± 9.6**
Total chol (mmol/L) 5.2 ± 1.3 4.9 ± 1.0
HDL chol (mmol/L) 1.06 ± 0.30 1.19 ± 0.34
LDL chol (mmol/L) 3.15 ± 1.01 3.02 ± 0.84
Triglycerides (mmol/L)* 1.77 (1.64-1.92) 1.37 (1.31-1.43)
HbA1c (%)* 5.58 (5.45-5.71) 5.58 (5.50-5.67)
CRP (mg/L)* 2.36 (2.05-2.72) 3.63 (3.28-4.10)
Urine ACR(mg/mmol)* 0.73 (0.60-0.88) 0.95 (0.85-1.07)**
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2)* 93 (91-96) 95 (93-97)
  1. Results are mean ± standard deviation unless stated otherwise
  2. BMI, body mass index; WHR, waist-hip ratio; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; chol, cholesterol; CRP, c-reactive protein.
  3. Number of participants with missing data: height - 22; weight - 27; BMI - 28; waist - 41; WHR - 42; LDL cholesterol - 35. *Geometric mean (95% confidence interval)
  4. **p < 0.05 between genders
  5. †p < 0.001 between genders