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Table 1 Mean values of final cluster solutions and results of ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc test

From: Clustering patterns of physical activity, sedentary and dietary behavior among European adolescents: The HELENA study

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster 5 F
N(%) 430 (21) 247 (12) 152 (7) 877 (42) 378 (18)  
MVPA -0.46b,d -0.40e,g 1.58b,e,h,i -0.51h,j 1.34d,g,i,j 1098.69*
X ± SD (min/week) 452 ± 310 484 ± 369 1606 ± 410 422 ± 251 1467 ± 395  
Sedentarism -0.12a,b,c,d 1.78a,e,f,g 0.86b,e,h,i -0.36c,f,h,j -0.55d,g,i,j 606.63*
X ± SD (min/day) 335 ± 137 708 ± 192 527 ± 176 288 ± 110 250 ± 113  
DQI-A -1.20a,c,d 0.05a,e,f,g -1.11e,h,i 0.62c,f,h,j 0.34d,g,i,j 694.46*
X ± SD (%) 46.4 ± 9.9 63.6 ± 11.1 47.7 ± 12.3 71.6 ± 7.1 67.6 ± 9.0  
  1. MVPA = Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity
  2. DQI-A = Diet Quality Index for Adolescents
  3. * P < 0.001
  4. Cluster 1: Unhealthy cluster
  5. Cluster 2: Sedentary cluster
  6. Cluster 3: Active, low diet quality cluster
  7. Cluster 4: Inactive, high diet quality cluster
  8. Cluster 5:Healthy cluster
  9. a Significant difference between 1st and 2nd cluster
  10. b Significant difference between 1st and 3rd cluster
  11. c Significant difference between 1st and 4th cluster
  12. d Significant difference between 1st and 5th cluster
  13. e Significant difference between 2nd and 3rd cluster
  14. f Significant difference between 2nd and 4th cluster
  15. g Significant difference between 2nd and 5th cluster
  16. h Significant difference between 3rd and 4th cluster
  17. i Significant difference between 3rd and 5th cluster
  18. j Significant difference between 4th and 5th cluster