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Table 3 Demographic characteristics and correct answer scores for basic knowledge of schizophrenia and discrimination between other disorders

From: Effect of an education program on improving knowledge of schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan

  Basic knowledge of
schizophrenia
Discrimination
between disorders
  Mean ± SD P** Mean ± SD P**
Age (years)   0.019   0.050
30-39 0.51 ± 2.03   1.48 ± 4.36  
40-49 0.36 ± 1.95   0.71 ± 4.32  
50-59 0.66 ± 1.96   1.13 ± 4.45  
60-69 0.81 ± 2.20   0.81 ± 5.23  
Gender   0.001   0.156
Male 0.57 ± 1.95   0.97 ± 4.28  
Female 0.28 ± 1.97   0.72 ± 4.45  
Education   0.021   0.001
Junior high school 1.81 ± 1.40   2.33 ± 2.89  
High school 0.45 ± 1.94   1.34 ± 4.26  
Vocational school 0.41 ± 1.95   1.14 ± 4.45  
Junior college 0.23 ± 1.98   0.52 ± 4.44  
University 0.48 ± 1.98   0.64 ± 4.37  
Graduate school 0.49 ± 2.03   -0.26 ± 4.26  
Others 1.00 ± 1.00   0.00 ± 4.18  
Family structure   0.603   0.019
2 parents 0.44 ± 1.95   0.82 ± 4.35  
1 parent 0.16 ± 1.87   0.40 ± 5.04  
3 generations 0.50 ± 2.00   1.26 ± 4.32  
Others 0.40 ± 2.25   -0.69 ± 3.48  
Family income (US dollars)   0.154   0.003
< 11,000 1.00 ± 2.01   0.46 ± 4.88  
11,000-32,000 0.67 ± 1.79   1.72 ± 4.80  
32,000-53,000 0.48 ± 2.01   1.28 ± 4.28  
53,000-110,000 0.39 ± 1.98   0.75 ± 4.23  
> 110,000 0.41 ± 1.93   0.45 ± 4.51  
Proximity to person with schizophrenia   0.056   0.004
Yes 0.04 ± 2.03   -0.48 ± 5.01  
No 0.45 ± 1.96   0.91 ± 4.33  
Occupation   0.167   0.001
Agriculture, forestry and fisheries 1.00 ± 1.63   3.30 ± 3.77  
Production labour service 0.6 ± 1.96   0.96 ± 4.20  
Transportation and communication 0.66 ± 2.14   1.16 ± 4.22  
Sales and marketing 0.48 ± 2.02   0.94 ± 4.44  
Service industry 0.41 ± 1.92   1.34 ± 4.57  
Professionals 0.28 ± 1.92   0.07 ± 4.41  
Others 0.56 ± 1.88   1.23 ± 3.75  
Unemployed 0.27 ± 1.97   0.84 ± 4.42  
Participation in welfare activities for people with mental illness   0.001   0.193
Yes -0.14 ± 2.02   0.48 ± 4.60  
No 0.49 ± 1.95   0.89 ± 4.33  
  1. * Correct answer scores were calculated by dividing the sum of the differences between the answers (correct = 1 and incorrect = 0) on the "after" questionnaire with those on the "before" questionnaire for all respondents by the number of items.
  2. ** Student's or Welch's t-test, One-way analysis of variance.