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Table 2 Rates (%) of correct answers for the 14 items on basic knowledge of schizophrenia

From: Effect of an education program on improving knowledge of schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan

Item Correct
answer
"before"
( n = 2,690)
"after"
( n = 2,465)
P
1. The incidence of schizophrenia is 1 out of 100 individuals. True 9.9 33.8 < 0.001
2. Junior and senior high school students do not develop schizophrenia. False 99.1 98.4 < 0.05
3. Schizophrenia is not a mental illness. False 93.8 90.7 < 0.001
4. Differences in child-rearing methods are not responsible for the onset of the illness. True 20.5 35.5 < 0.001
5. A person with a mild disposition will not necessarily develop schizophrenia. True 29.2 34.6 < 0.001
6. Schizophrenia has been proven to be a genetic disease. False 97.7 97.7 NS
7. A person with schizophrenia may have little will power. False 97.4 96.8 NS
8. There is no effective medication for schizophrenia. False 94.1 95.3 < 0.05
9. It is not possible to recover from schizophrenia, even with treatment. False 97.8 98.1 NS
10. Auditory hallucinations and delusions are not symptoms of schizophrenia. False 97.9 97.9 NS
11. Poor concentration and fatigue are not symptoms of schizophrenia. False 98.0 98.1 NS
12. Social withdrawal is not a symptom of schizophrenia. False 92.8 95.3 < 0.001
13. The appearance and duration of symptoms can vary among individuals. True 65.7 61.7 < 0.05
14. All the above items are incorrect. False 83.8 85.8 < 0.05
Total score   77.0 80.0 < 0.001