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Table 2 Prevalence of different forms of tobacco consumption among participants living in Maputo City according to their place of birth and among participants living in other Mozambican provinces.

From: Changing patterns of tobacco consumption in Mozambique: evidence from a migrant study

   Tobacco consumption
  All participants   Any type of tobacco   Manufactured cigarettesa   Traditional forms of tobacco consumptiona
  N n Crude weighted prevalence % (95%CI) Adjustedb weighted prevalence % (95%CI) N Crude weighted prevalence % (95%CI) Adjustedb weighted prevalence % (95%CI) n Crude weighted prevalence % (95%CI) Adjustedb weighted prevalence % (95%CI)
Women           
Place of birth/place of residence           
   Maputo City/Maputo City (MC/MC) 282 14 4.4 (1.8-6.9) 6.4 (3.7-11.0) 12 4.0 (1.5-6.5) 4.4 (2.3-8.0) 2 0.4 (0.0-1.0) 0.6 (0.1-2.4)
   Southern provincesc/Maputo City (SP/MC) 408 12 3.1 (0.8-5.4) 2.0 (0.9-4.3) 4 1.6 (0.0-3.6) 1.5 (0.4-4.7) 8 1.4 (0.1-2.8) 0.9 (0.3-2.2)
   Southern provincesc,d/Southern provincesc (SP/SP) 2366 138 6.3 (4.4-8.2) 3.9 (2.8-5.3) 16 0.7 (0.3-1.1) 0.6 (0.3-1.2) 121 5.6 (3.7-7.4) 3.2 (2.2-4.5)
   Northern provincese,d/Maputo City (NP/MC) 23 4 19.6 (16.3-37.6) 32.0 (13.1-59.4) 3 16.2 (0.0-33.7) 16.8 (5.2-42.6) 1 3.4 (0.0-10.1) 6.4 (0.9-33.4)
   Northern provincese,d/Northern provincese (NP/NP) 4749 1003 23.1 (20.9-25.2) 18.1 (15.9-20.5) 126 3.3 (2.2-4.3) 3.2 (2.4-4.3) 868 19.6 (17.6-21.6) 13.8 (11.9-16.1)
Men           
Place of birth/place of residence           
   Maputo City/Maputo City (MC/MC) 143 50 35.2 (26.2-44.2) 42.2 (32.7-52.4) 50 35.2 (26.2-44.2) 26.0 (18.7-35.0) 0 f f
   Southern provincesc/Maputo City (SP/MC) 205 51 24.4 (19.3-29.4) 26.6 (21.4-32.4) 49 23.0 (17.8-28.2) 22.2 (17.1-28.3) 1 0.8 (0.0-2.5) 0.9 (0.1-5.9)
   Southern provincesc,d/Southern provincesc (SP/SP) 1053 295 28.1 (24.5-31.8) 29.1 (25.5-33.0) 205 19.1 (16.3-21.9) 18.4 (15.7-21.5) 87 8.4 (5.8-11.0) 7.7 (5.7-10.4)
   Northern provincese/Maputo City (NP/MC) 40 12 24.2 (9.5-38.9) 28.5 (15.2-47.0) 12 24.2 (9.5-38.9) 20.3 (9.6-38.0) 0 f f
   Northern provincese,d/Northern provincese (NP/NP) 3595 1548 42.7 (40.5-45.0) 43.4 (41.2-45.7) 567 16.2 (14.2-18.1) 15.2 (13.3-17.2) 973 26.3 (23.7-28.9) 25.6 (23.0-28.4)
  1. 95%CI - 95% confidence interval.
  2. a Form of tobacco consumption reported as the most frequent by current smokers; b Age- and education-adjusted; c Maputo Province, Gaza and Inhambane; d These groups include a small proportion of subjects born elsewhere; e Manica, Sofala, Tete, Zambézia, Nampula, Niassa and Cabo Delgado; f No observations.