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Table 3 Group comparisons on attitude measures

From: Attitudes of Malaysian general hospital staff towards patients with mental illness and diabetes

Scale Diabetes
Group
(N = 298)
Mental
Illness
Group
(N = 356)
ANOVA F ANCOVA F
Care & Support 3.56 (.68) 3.41 (.71) 7.86 (p < .01) 6.63 (p < .05)
Avoidance 2.50 (.59) 2.64 (.57) 8.59 (p < .01) 7.58 (p < .01)
Mistrust 2.88 (.85) 2.98 (.82) 2.03 ns 2.60 ns
Negative Stereotypes 3.23 (.66) 3.39 (.60) 10.04 (p < .01) 10.29 (p < .01)
  1. ns = not significant;
  2. Significant covariate effects and direction of effects:
  3. Care & Support: higher general stigma (F(1, 645) = 15.08, p < .0005); is a nurse (F(1, 645) = 68.89, p < .0005); is female (F(1, 645) = 4.70, p < .05);
  4. Avoidance: higher general stigma (F(1, 645) = 35.09, p < .0005); is a not a nurse (F(1, 645) = 22.59, p < .0005);
  5. Mistrust: higher general stigma (F(1, 645) = 32.58, p < .0005); more MH work experience (F(1, 645) = 4.01, p = .046)
  6. Negative Stereotypes: higher general stigma (F(1, 645) = 36.47, p < .0005); is a nurse (F(1, 645) = 15.15, p < .0005).