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Table 4 Six-year changes in ΣHFP and ΣHFH in relation to baseline and 6-year changes in TV viewing habits

From: Television viewing, food preferences, and food habits among children: A prospective epidemiological study

  Δ (ΣHFP) Δ (ΣHFH)
  Girls (n = 131) Boys (n = 101) Girls (n = 131) Boys (n = 101)
TV (h/day) at baseline 2
   >2 h/day -1.58* (-3.10; -0.06)1 0.18 (-1.04; 1.39) -1.01 (-2.80; 0.79) -1.51 (-3.54; 0.52)
   1-2 h/day -0.57 (-1.47; 0.32) -0.44 (-1.25; 0.38) 0.02 (-1.04; 1.08) -0.53 (-1.90; 0.85)
   <1 h/day 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref
TV (h/day) at follow-up adjusted for TV (h/day) at baseline 3
   >2 h/day 0.10 (-1.07; 1.26) 0.07 (-0.99; 1.14) -0.85 (-2.20; 0.51) -2.62* (-4.30; -0.94)
   1-2 h/day 0.26 (-0.75; 1.27) 0.07 (-0.96; 1.11) -0.38 (-1.56; 0.80) -1.28 (-2.88; 0.33)
   <1 h/day 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref
TV during meals (times/week) at baseline 2
   most days/every day -0.55 (-1.68; 0.58) 0.31 (-0.75; 1.36) 0.60 (-0.73; 1.93) -1.07 (-2.83; 0.69)
   1-2 times/week -0.28 (-1.34; 0.77) 0.55 (-0.47; 1.58) 0.64 (-0.58; 1.87) -0.98 (-2.71; 0.75)
   almost never/never 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref
TV during meals (times/week) at follow-up adjusted for TV during meals (times/week) at baseline 3
   most days/every day -0.10 (-1.29; 1.10) 0.32 (-0.86; 1.50) -0.61 (-1.98; 0.76) -0.75 (-2.73; 1.23)
   1-2 times/week 0.17 (-1.04; 1.38) 0.20 (-0.97; 1.37) 0.65 (-0.73; 2.03) 0.06 (-1.89; 2.02)
   almost never/never 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref 0 ref
  1. ΣHFP, Sum of healthy food preferences; ΣHFH, sum of healthy food habits; Δ, change; ref, reference category.
  2. 1Estimate (95% confidence interval), all such values.
  3. 2Adjusted for baseline values of ΣHFP/ΣHFH, BMI z-score, maternal BMI, paternal BMI, physical activity, SES (maternal education). School included in model as random effect.
  4. 3Adjusted for baseline values of ΣHFP/ΣHFH, TV viewing (h/day or meals/week), BMI z-score, maternal BMI, paternal BMI, physical activity, SES (maternal education). School included in model as random effect.
  5. *P ≤ 0.05.