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Table 4 Socio-demographic and cancer characteristics of women by weight change groups

From: Weight changes and lifestyle behaviors in women after breast cancer diagnosis: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Weight changes groups since diagnosis Mean (95% CI) p-value
  >10% 5-10% No change* 5-10% >10%  
  weight loss weight loss   weight gain weight gain  
  (n = 40) (n = 41) (n = 114) (n = 60) (n = 113)  
Age at diagnosis (years) 50.05
(47.45-52.65)
51.02
(48.17-53.87)
49.19
(47.34-51.05)
47.28
(45.11-49.46)
47.05
(45.47-48.63)
0.06
Ethnicity       
   Malay 24 (58.5) 20 (48.8) 60 (52.6) 34 (56.7) 72 (19.6) 0.34
   Non-Malay 17 (41.5) 21 (51.2) 54 (47.4) 26 (43.3) 40 (35.7)  
Marital status       0.43
   Married 35 (85.4) 36 (87.8) 90 (78.9) 53 (88.3) 90 (80.4)  
   Others** 6 (14.6) 5 (12.2) 24 (21.1) 7 (11.7) 22 (19.6)  
Education (years) 8.56
(7.26-9.86)
8.54
(7.30-9.78)
8.68
(7.93-9.44)
9.92
(8.93-10.90)
9.03
(8.34-9.71)
0.28
   Secondary and lower 22 (53.7) 24 (58.5) 58 (50.9) 22 (36.7) 58 (51.8)  
   Tertiary and others 19 (46.3) 17 (41.5) 56 (49.1) 38 (63.3) 54 (48.2)  
Employment status       0.86
   Employed 10 (24.4) 12 (29.3) 34 (29.8) 20 (33.3) 37 (33.0)  
   Unemployed 31 (75.6) 29 (70.7) 80 (70.2) 40 (66.7) 75 (67.0)  
Monthly household income (RM) 1756.10
(1246.58-2265.61)
2002.63
(1252.71-2752.56)
1967.76
(1563.28-2372.25)
2968.67
(2089.90-3847.44)
2134.45
(1620.90-2647.99)
0.10
Menopausal status at study entry       0.10
   Pre-menopausal 3 (7.3) 4 (9.8) 24 (21.1) 14 (23.3) 25 (22.3)  
   Post-menopausal 38 (92.7) 37 (90.2) 90 (78.9) 46 (76.7) 87 (77.7)  
Time since diagnosis (years) 4.63
(3.41-5.86)
5.20
(3.74-6.65)
4.67
(4.03-5.31)
4.48
(3.69-5.28)
5.21
(4.65-5.78)
0.59
Stage of cancer       0.89
   Stage I 9 (24.3) 12 (31.6) 36 (37.5) 22 (40.7) 38 (37.6)  
   Stage II 21 (56.8) 19 (50.0) 43 (44.8) 22 (40.7) 46 (45.5)  
   Stage III 7 (18.9) 7 (18.4) 17 (17.7) 10 (18.5) 17 (16.8)  
BMI a year preceding diagnosis*** (kg/m2) 26.62
(24.86-28.37)
25.96
(24.45-27.47)
25.18
(24.33-26.04)
24.50
(23.38-25.62)
23.54
(22.78-24.29)
0.001****a, b, c, d
  1. *0-5% weight loss or weight gain
  2. **Single, widowed or divorced
  3. ***Body mass index a year preceding breast cancer diagnosis
  4. ****p < 0.05
  5. a A significant difference between >10% weight loss and 5-10% weight gain groups, at p < 0.05.
  6. b A significant difference between >10% weight loss and >10% weight gain groups, at p < 0.05.
  7. c A significant difference between 5-10% weight loss and >10% weight gain groups, at p < 0.05.
  8. d A significant difference between no change and >10% weight gain groups, at p < 0.05.