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Table 1 Distribution of CFTND scores for daily smokers by background characteristics (n = 894)

From: Nicotine Dependence among Rural-Urban Migrants in China

Group n Mean SD F P value
Age(in years)      
< 20 20 2.10 1.80   
20-29 236 2.88 2.22   
11.98 < 0.01     
30-39 345 3.35 2.17   
40+ 293 3.95 2.47   
Gender      
male 869 3.41 2.32   
1.47 > 0.05     
female 25 2.84 2.19   
Educational attainment      
elementary or lower 134 3.61 2.26   
junior high school 483 3.53 2.38   
3.00 < 0.05     
high school 223 3.05 2.23   
college or higher 54 3.07 2.07   
Marital status      
never married 201 3.00 2.28   
married 663 3.50 2.33 3.91 < 0.05
divorced/widowed 30 3.73 2.12   
Work type      
construction 426 3.62 2.29   
factory 288 3.28 2.34 4.62 < 0.05
service 180 3.03 2.30   
Personal income (RMB)/month      
< 500 RMB 32 3.56 2.14   
500-499 131 3.34 2.32   
1000-1999 478 3.49 2.33 1.11 > 0.05
2000-2999 190 3.10 2.28   
> = 3000 63 3.54 2.40   
Region of origin      
south-east 227 3.15 2.33   
south-west 569 3.51 2.31 2.07 > 0.05
Other 98 3.31 2.34   
Registered residential status      
rural 726 3.43 2.32   
1.16 > 0.05     
urban 168 3.22 2.28   
Age at first migration      
< 20 268 2.95 2.26   
20-29 345 3.45 2.28   
5.67 < 0.01     
30-39 224 3.73 2.28   
40+ 57 3.83 2.61   
Length of migration (years)      
< 5 273 3.14 2.22   
5-9 289 3.28 2.37   
4.22 < 0.01     
10-14 180 3.51 2.22   
15+ 152 3.93 2.42   
Numbers of cities of migration      
1 263 3.35 2.39   
2 304 3.15 2.30   
3.57 < 0.05     
3 146 3.40 2.16   
4+ 181 3.86 2.33   
Type of city housing      
collective dormitory 452 3.35 2.43   
room rented by self 251 3.58 2.17   
room rented by self and other family members 133 3.37 2.29 0.97 > 0.05
room owned by self 44 3.20 2.14   
other 17 2.65 2.00   
  1. Nicotine dependence and associated factors