Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for attendance to cervical screening after receipt of a reminder, versus opportunistic attendance on own initiative

From: Factors associated with non-attendance, opportunistic attendance and reminded attendance to cervical screening in an organized screening program: a cross-sectional study of 12,058 Norwegian women

  N Reminded
attendance
(%)
Age-adjusted OR (95% CI)
for reminded attendance
Multivariatea OR (95% CI)
for reminded attendance
SOCIODEMOGRAPHICS
Age     
25-29 2318 39.34 1 1
30-34 2631 46.75 1.35 (1.21, 1.52) 1.24 (1.09, 1.41)
35-39 2670 52.25 1.69 (1.51, 1.89) 1.58 (1.39, 1.80)
40+ 2825 54.23 1.83 (1.63, 2.04) 1.66 (1.45, 1.90)
P-value    P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001
Education (years)     
< 9 205 49.76 1.06 (0.80, 1.40)  
9-12 2735 50.16 1.02 (0.92, 1.12)  
13-16 4559 48.41 1  
>16 2885 47.25 1.02 (0.88, 1.06)  
P-value    P = 0.77  
Marital status     
Married/cohabiting 8164 49.47 1 1
Divorced/widow 670 47.31 0.82 (0.70, 0.96) 0.88 (0.73, 1.06)
Single 1525 44.59 0.90 (0.81, 1.01) 0.95 (0.83, 1.08)
P-value    P = 0.01 P = 0.33
HEALTH AND HEALTH RISKS
Self-rated health     
Poor 690 46.23 0.86 (0.73, 1.00)  
Good 3123 47.26 0.93 (0.85, 1.01)  
Very good 4854 49.01 1  
Excellent 1551 49.39 1.00 (0.89, 1.12)  
P-value    P = 0.12  
Smoking     
Never 4717 50.03 1 1
Former 2420 47.07 0.86 (0.78, 0.95) 0.97 (0.87, 1.09)
Current 3274 47.37 0.88 (0.81, 0.97) 1.03 (0.92, 1.15)
P-value    P = 0.003 P = 0.66
Beer drinking     
Never 2311 49.94 1.16 (1.04, 1.29) 1.05 (0.93, 1.18)
<once per month 2902 49.93 1.13 (1.02, 1.25) 1.05 (0.94, 1.17)
1-3 times per month 3316 46.47 1 1
>=once per week 817 45.53 0.96 (0.82, 1.12) 1.03 (0.87, 1.22)
P-value    P = 0.008 P = 0.84
Wine drinking
Never 798 50.88 1.19 (1.02, 1.38) 1.17 (0.98, 1.39)
<once per month 2478 50.12 1.13 (1.02, 1.24) 1.08 (0.96, 1.21)
1-3 times per month 4358 47.22 1 1
>=once per week 1972 47.36 0.92 (0.83, 1.03) 0.96 (0.85, 1.08)
P-value    P = 0.002 P = 0.13
Liquor drinking     
Never 3155 49.57 1.01 (0.92, 1.11)  
<once per month 4136 48.77 1  
>=once per month 1590 46.04 0.92 (0.82, 1.03)  
P-value    P = 0.26  
SEXUAL HISTORY
Number of lifetime coital partners
0-3b 3354 54.03 1 1
4-9 3726 47.07 0.76 (0.70, 0.84) 0.88 (0.79, 0.99)
10 + 3046 44.42 0.69 (0.62, 0.76) 0.87 (0.76, 0.99)
P-value    P < 0.0001 P = 0.05
Number of new coital partners during last six months
0 8410 49.27 1  
1 1454 46.77 0.94 (0.84, 1.05)  
2+ 498 42.77 0.84 (0.70, 1.01)  
P-value    P = 0.11  
Age at first coitus
<17 4426 46.07 1 1
17-18 3498 48.66 1.10 (1.01 1.20) 1.07 (0.97, 1.19)
19 + 2294 52.14 1.26 (1.14, 1.40) 1.07 (0.94, 1.22)
P-value    P < 0.0001 P = 0.36
Ever had any STI c
No 6840 51.40 1 1
Yes 3295 42.12 0.68 (0.63, 0.74) 0.76 (0.68, 0.83)
P-value    P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001
PREGNANCY AND CONTRACEPTIVES
Ever pregnant     
No 1758 45.68 1.08 (0.97, 1.21)  
Yes 8659 49.16 1  
P-value    P = 0.17  
Number of births
0 2458 45.04 1  
1 2051 46.03 0.92 (0.82, 1.04)  
2 3630 49.89 0.96 (0.86, 1.08)  
3+ 2156 52.97 1.03 (0.90, 1.17)  
P-value    P = 0.35  
Ever used hormonal contraceptives
No 891 57.35 1.39 (1.21, 1.60) 1.21 (1.01, 1.46)
Yes 9483 47.63 1 1
P-value    P < 0.0001 P = 0.03
Used hormonal contraceptive during last month
No 6613 50.20 1 1
Yes 3713 45.33 0.87 (0.80, 0.95) 0.88 (0.80, 0.96)
P-value    P = 0.001 P = 0.006
Ever used condoms     
No 1472 54.28 1.23 (1.10, 1.38) 1.07 (0.94, 1.23)
Yes 8889 47.54 1 1
P-value    P = 0.0003 P = 0.31
AWARENESS
"Did you know that a gynecological smear may detect changes that could lead to cervical cancer?"
No 938 40.94 0.78 (0.68, 0.90) 0.78 (0.65, 0.94)
Yes 9455 49.25 1 1
P-value    P = 0.0006 P = 0.007
"Did you know that the recommended screening interval is every third year?"
No 880 33.18 0.54 (0.47, 0.63) 0.49 (0.41, 0.59)
Yes 9531 49.96 1 1
P-value    P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001
"Do you believe a gynecological smear every third year is necessary for you?"
No 7896 49.23 1.14 (1.03, 1.26) 1.06 (0.93, 1.20)
Yes 1960 45.66 1 1
Don't know 547 49.73 1.25 (1.04, 1.52) 1.13 (0.89, 1.43)
P-value    P = 0.02 P = 0.54
"Have you ever heard of HPV?"
No 6585 49.70 1.14 (1.05, 1.24) 1.19 (1.08, 1.30)
Yes 3779 46.44 1 1
P-value    P = 0.001 P = 0.0003
  1. a The multivariate model only included variables that were significant in the age-adjusted models
  2. b Included 154 women reporting zero lifetime coital partners
  3. c Chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomonas vaginalis, herpes or genital warts
\