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Table 1 Prevalence of burnout among men and women

From: Development of burnout over time and the causal order of the three dimensions of burnout among male and female GPs. A three-wave panel study

Reference Sample(s) Significant gender differences in burnout prevalence
[1] Literature review Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
[2] 694 female and 2225 male Dutch employees Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on PA
[7] Literature review Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
[21] Literature review Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
Males score higher on PA
[49] 277 female and 216 male Greek teachers Females score higher on EE
[50] 317 female and 77 male Dutch nurses Males score higher on EE a
DP and PA not measured
[51] 93 female and 138 male athletics coaches Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on PA
[52] 218 Chinese doctors and nurses Females score higher on EE
[53] 403 female and 664 male Dutch academia No differences on EE
DP and PA not measured
[54] 227 female and 243 male Canadian teachers Males score higher on DP
[55] 552 female and 217 male Greek Cypriot school teachers Females score higher on EE
[56] 122 female and 141 male American faculty members Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
[57] 32 female and 68 male American family practice residents Males score higher on DP
Among males DP increased over time
[58] 163 female and 239 male South African doctors Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on PA
[59] 347 female and 248 male American clinical psychologists Males score higher on DP
[60] 154 female and 141 male Turkish teachers Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
[61] 1677 female and 1634 male Finnish physicians Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
[62] 336 female teachers and 219 male Spanish teachers Females score higher on EE
Males score higher on DP
  1. a These findings are explained by the number of working hours. Men work more hours, and this contributes significantly to emotional exhaustion. In addition, the numerical domination of women in nursing might be a protective factor against burnout for women in this sector.