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Table 2 Three models estimating the relationship between health outcome (U5MR), governance (RLTC and SEO) and 9 covariates representing healthcare, finance/economy, education, and physical infrastructure1.

From: Health systems performance in sub-Saharan Africa: governance, outcome and equity

  U5MR
  Model 1 (41 < n <45) Model 2 (n = 37) Model 3 (n = 37)
  β/r p β p β p
Healthcare       
Births Attended % -.56 <.001 -.27 .20 -.31 .06
Immunisation % -.44 <.001 .00 .98 .01 .93
Hospital Beds/10,000 -.63 <.001 .03 .90 .02 .90
Finance       
GNI2 (transformed) $ -.47 <.001 .09 .68 .41 .04
Health Expenditure $ -.50 <.001 .03 .87 .18 .27
Education       
Enrolments (female) % -.64 <.001 -.57 <.001 -.32 .02
Adult Literacy % -.55 <.001 .03 .86 .20 .19
Physical Infrastructure       
Water % -.67 <.001 -.41 .03 -.10 .52
Sanitation % -.35 .02 .10 .47 .15 .20
Governance       
RLTC3 -.70 <.001    -.12 .42
SEO4 -.72 <.001    -.90 <.001
Adjusted R-squared    .59 .76
  1. 1Model 1 examines the bivariate relationship between, U5MR, and the 9 covariates, and the two measures of governance. Model 2 examines the multivariate model of the linear relationship between U5MR and the covariates in the absence of the measures of governance. Model 3 replicated Model 2, with the addition of the two governance measures.
  2. 2GNI: Gross National Income
  3. 3RLTC: Rule of Law, Transparency and Corruption
  4. 4SEO: Sustainable Economic Opportunity