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Table 3 Associations between waist circumference, body mass index and excess body fat categories and number of cigarettes among smoking men and women (n = 1515)

From: Dose-dependent positive association between cigarette smoking, abdominal obesity and body fat: cross-sectional data from a population-based survey

Men   Age-adjusted OR 95% CI P Multiple-adjusted* OR 95% CI P
WC        
   Medium waist 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.70 (1.10 - 2.63) 0.02 1.73 (1.11- 2.69) 0.02
  >20 cig/d 1.83 (1.13 - 2.97) 0.01 1.82 (1.12 - 2.96) 0.02
P for trend     0.22    0.23
   Abdominal obesity 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.31 (0.80 - 2.14) 0.28 1.28 (0.78- 2.10) 0.32
  >20 cig/d 1.93 (1.15 - 3.25) 0.01 1.94 (1.15 - 3.27) 0.01
P for trend     0.04    0.03
BMI        
   Overweight 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.26 (0.86 - 1.84) 0.23 1.22 (0.83 - 1.79) 0.31
  >20 cig/d 1.16 (0.76 - 1.76) 0.49 1.14 (0.75 - 1.74) 0.55
P for trend     0.67    0.77
   Obesity 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.35 (0.75 - 2.40) 0.32 1.18 (0.65 - 2.12) 0.58
  >20 cig/d 1.31 (0.70 - 2.47) 0.39 1.21 (0.64 - 2.30) 0.55
P for trend     0.98    0.91
Body fat        
   Excess of body fat 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.15 (0.64 - 2.09) 0.64 1.05 (0.58 - 1.92) 0.86
  >20 cig/d 1.18 (0.62 - 2.24) 0.62 1.15 (0.60 - 2.20) 0.68
P for trend     0.95    0.75
Women   Age-adjusted OR 95% CI P Multiple-adjusted* OR 95% CI P
WC        
   Medium waist 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.03 (0.71 - 1.51) 0.87 1.01 (0.69 - 1.48) 0.95
  >20 cig/d 1.20 (0.67 - 2.13) 0.55 1.17 (0.65 - 2.10) 0.61
P for trend     0.02    0.04
   Abdominal obesity 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.15 (0.78 - 1.68) 0.49 1.07 (0.72 - 1.58) 0.74
  >20 cig/d 2.40 (1.44 - 4.02) 0.001 2.15 (1.26 - 3.64) 0.01
P for trend     0.004    0.007
BMI        
   Overweight 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.33 (0.92 - 1.93) 0.13 1.27 (0.87 - 1.84) 0.22
  >20 cig/d 1.34 (0.79 - 2.27) 0.28 1.24 (0.72 - 2.13) 0.44
P for trend     0.43    0.53
   Obesity 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 0.78 (0.45 - 1.35) 0.37 0.69 (0.39 - 1.22) 0.20
  >20 cig/d 1.46 (0.74- 2.89) 0.27 1.25 (0.62 - 2.52) 0.54
P for trend     0.07    0.13
Body fat        
   Excess of body fat 1-10 cig/d 1    1   
  11-20 cig/d 1.42 (0.95 - 2.10) 0.08 1.34 (0.89 - 2.00) 0.16
  >20 cig/d 2.29 (1.38 - 3.81) 0.001 2.11 (1.25 - 3.57) 0.01
P for trend     0.06    0.07
  1. * Statistical analyses by polytomous or logistic regression with adjustment for age, education, and alcohol consumption (at risk versus not at risk).
  2. Results are expressed as odds-ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
  3. WC = waist circumference, BMI = body-mass index