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Table 3 Anthropometric differences according to population characteristics in the AHS-2 validation sample (n = 911).

From: Validation of self-reported anthropometrics in the Adventist Health Study 2

  WEIGHT (kg) (95% CI) HEIGHT (cm) (95% CI) BODY MASS INDEX (kg/m2) (95% CI)
  Self-
reported
Measured Difference1 p value Self-
reported
Measured Difference1 p
value
Self-reported Measured Difference1 p
value
Sex     0.18     0.13     0.36
Women 74.5 74.9 -0.4   163 162 +1.4   27.9 28.6 -0.7  
(n = 608) (73.1-76.0) (73.4-76.4) (-0.8 to +0.1)   (163-164) (161-163) (+1.1 to +1.8)   (27.4-28.5) (28.0-29.2) (-0.8 to -0.4)  
Men 84.2 84.1 +0.1   177 175 +1.8   26.9 27.4 -0.5  
(n = 303) (82.4-86.1) (82.1-86.1) (-0.4 to +0.7)   (176-178) (174-176) (+1.5 to +2.2)   (26.3-27.4) (26.8-28.0) (-0.7 to -0.3)  
Age (years)     <0.001     <0.001     0.030
<45 78.1 79.1 -0.9   168 168 +0.6   27.6 28.2 -0.6  
(n:161) (75.2-81.1) (76.0-82.1) (-1.8 to -0.04)   (167-170) (166-169) (+0.4 to +1.1)   (26.6-28.6) (27.1-29.3) (-1.0 to -0.3)  
45-<55 80.0 81.8 -1.9   169 168 +1.0   28.0 29.0 -1.0  
(n: 228) (77.4-82.5) (79.1-84.6) (-2.6 to -1.1)   (168-171) (167-169) (+0.3 to +1.8)   (27.1-28.9) (28.0-29.9) (-1.3 to -0.6)  
55-<65 80.4 80.0 +0.4   169 167 +1.4   28.3 28.7 -0.4  
(n: 234) (78.1-82.8) (77.6-82.5) (-0.2 to +1.0)   (167-170) (166-168) (+1.0 to +1.8)   (27.5-29.1) (27.7-29.6) (-0.6 to -0.1)  
65- <75 74.8 74.0 +0.8   166 164 +2.0   27.0 27.4 -0.4  
(n: 170) (72.5-77.1) (71.6-76.3) (+0.2 to +1.4)   (165-168) (163-166) (+1.4 to +2.5)   (26.2-27.8) (26.5-28.3) (-0.7 to -0.1)  
≥75 72.0 70.6 +1.4   166 162 +3.4   26.1 26.8 -0.6  
(n: 118) (69.1-74.9) (67.7-73.5) (+0.7 to +2.1)   (164-166) (161-164) (+2.8 to +4.0)   (25.2-27.0) (25.8-27.7) (-1.0 to -0.3)  
Obesity     0.27     0.91     0.03
Non-obese 70.4 70.5 -0.1   169 167 +1.6   24.7 25.1 -0.4  
(n: 662) (69.5-73.3) (69.5-71.5) (-0.4 to +0.3)   (168-169) (166-168) (+1.3 to +1.9)   (24.4-24.9) (24.9-25.4) (-0.6 to -0.3)  
Obese 97.3 97.9 -0.6   166 1.64 +1.5   35.3 36.2 -0.9  
(n: 249) (95.1-99.5) (95.6-100.2) (-1.4 to +0.3)   (165-167) (163-166) (+1.1 to +2.0)   (34.6-36.0) (35.5-37.0) (-1.3 to -0.6)  
Race 2     0.11     0.92     0.07
White 75.0 74.8 +0.2   168 167 +1.5   26.4 26.9 -0.4  
(n = 427) (73.4-76.7) (73.1-76.6) (-0.2 to +0.7)   (167-169) (166-168) (+1.3 to +1.8)   (25.9 -27.0) (26.3-27.5) (-0.6 to -0.3)  
Black 81.3 81.9 -0.6   168 166 +1.6   28.9 29.6 -0.7  
(n = 423) (79.6-83.1) (80.1-83.7) (-1.1 to 0.0)   (167-169) (165-167) (+1.1 to +2.1)   (28.3-29.5) (29.0 -30.3) (-1.0 to -0.5)  
Hispanic 75.4 76.5 -1.1   166 164 +1.6   27.3 28.2 -0.9  
(n = 34) (68.5-82.4) (69.1-83.9) (-2.8 to +0.59)   (162-170) (161-168) (+0.8 to +2.3)   (25.1-29.5) (25.8-30.6) (-1.6 to -0.3)  
Asian 61.3 60.1 +1.1   160 159 +1.0   23.9 23.9 +0.1  
(n = 17) (55.6-67.0) (53.5-66.8) (-0.4 to +2.7)   (155-164) (154-164) (-0.1 to +2.0)   (22.2-25.8) (21.5-26.2) (-0.7 to +0.9)  
Soy             
Consumer 3     0.001     0.72     0.001
No 79.6 80.9 -1.3   167 165 +1.4   28.7 29.7 -1.0  
(n = 168) (76.8 -82.4) (78.0 - 83.9) (-2.2 to -0.4)   (165-168) (164-167) (+1.0 to +1.9)   (27.7-29.7) (28.6-30.8) (-1.4 to -0.7)  
Yes 76.8 76.5 +0.3   168 167 +1.4   27.1 27.4 -0.4  
(n = 552) (75.3 -78.3) (74.9 - 78.1) (-0.2 to +0.7)   (168-169) (166-168) (+1.1 to +1.7)   (26.6-27.5) (26.9-28.0) (-0.6 to -0.2)  
Nut Intake     0.74     0.92     0.58
Low 79.7 80.0 -0.4   167 166 +1.6   28.6 29.3 -0.7  
(n: 277) (77.4-81.9) (77.7-82.4) (-1.0 to +0.3)   (166-168) (164-167) (+1.2 to +2.0)   (27.8-29.3) (28.4-30.1) (-1.0 to -0.4)  
Medium 79.1 79.3 -0.2   169 167 +1.6   27.8 28.5 -0.6  
(n: 282) (76.8-81.4) (76.9-81.7) (-0.8 to +0.4)   (167-170) (166-168) (+1.0 to +2.2)   (27.1-28.6) (27.6-29.3) (-0.9 to -0.3)  
High 75.2 75.2 -0.04   168 167 +1.5   26.6 27.1 -0.5  
(n: 352) (73.5-76.9) (73.4-77.0) (-0.6 to +0.5)   (167-169) (166-167) (+1.2 to +1.8)   (26.1-27.2) (26.5-27.7) (-0.7 to -0.3)  
Diet 4     0.12     0.71     0.09
Non-veg 82.9 83.3 -0.5   168 166 +1.5   29.6 30.3 -0.7  
(n = 400) (81.0-84.8) (81.4-85.3) (-1.0 to +0.1)   (167-169) (165-167) (+1.0 to +1.9)   (28.9-30.2) (29.6-31.0) (-1.0 to -0.5)  
Semi-veg 77.3 77.7 -0.4   168 167 +1.8   27.3 28.0 -0.7  
(n = 185) (74.9-79.7) (75.3-80.2) (-1.2 to +0.3)   (167-170) (165-168) (+1.2 to +2.3)   (26.5-28.1) (27.2-28.9) (-1.1 to -0.4)  
Vegetarian 71.7 71.5 +0.3   168 167 +1.5   25.3 25.7 -0.4  
(n = 326) (70.0-73.5) (69.6-73.3) (-0.2 to +0.8)   (167-170) (166-168) (+1.2 to +1.9)   (24.8-25.9) (25.1-26.3) (-0.6 to -0.2)  
  1. Difference: self-reported - measured (a negative value means infra-reported; a positive value means over-reported).
  2. The values do not sum 911 because there are 10 participants with other race. Due to limited number of participants we do not represent category.
  3. The values do not sum 911 because there are 191 missing values for this variable. Soy consumer: ≥1 g of soy protein per day.
  4. Semi-vegetarian: low meat consumption and pesco; Vegetarian: Vegan and Lactovegetarian.
  5. Values are expressed as means and (95% Confidence Interval).
  6. p values of differences between groups were obtained through T Student test or ANOVA.