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Table 3 Longitudinal analysis of factors associated with crystal methamphetamine use† among sexual minority* females (n = 144).

From: Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis

  Bivariate Multivariate
Characteristic Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value Adjusted Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value
Sociodemographic Characteristics       
   Age (per year) 0.95 0.92 - 0.99 0.005    
   Aboriginal ancestry (yes vs. no) 0.41 0.21 - 0.82 0.012 0.55 0.25 - 1.21 0.137
   Relationship (single/dating vs. married/partner) 1.07 0.76 - 1.49 0.708    
   HIV Status (positive vs. negative) 0.62 0.90 - 1.30 0.209    
Drug Use       
   Non-injection cocaine use (yes vs. no) 1.79 1.06 - 3.04 0.030 1.66 0.94 - 2.92 0.079
   Crack use (yes vs. no) 0.95 0.71 - 1.27 0.730    
   Any injection drug use (yes vs. no) 1.68 1.13 - 2.50 0.011 2.49 1.42 - 4.39 0.002
   Overdose (yes vs. no) 1.47 0.90 - 2.41 0.126    
   Binge drug use (yes vs. no) 1.18 0.77 - 1.81 0.452    
Sexual Activities       
   Number of sex partners (>1 vs. ≤1) 1.55 1.05 - 2.30 0.029    
   Unprotected intercourse (yes vs. no) 0.97 0.65 - 1.45 0.897    
   Sex trade work (ref = no sex trade work)       
Consistent condom use with clients (yes vs. ref) 1.30 0.88 - 1.93 0.189 1.16 0.72 - 1.87 0.543
Any unprotected sex with clients (yes vs. ref) 3.27 1.60 - 6.68 0.001 2.62 1.12 - 6.14 0.027
Violence & Depression       
   Experience physical violence (yes vs. no) 1.24 0.88 - 1.75 0.210    
   Commit physical violence (yes vs. no) 1.12 0.81 - 1.54 0.499    
   Clinical depression (CES-D ≥16 vs. <16) 0.85 0.66 - 1.09 0.204    
Contextual Factors       
   Downtown South residency (yes vs. no) 1.45 1.00 - 2.10 0.053 1.60 1.01 - 2.54 0.047
   Homeless (yes vs. no) 1.19 0.86 - 1.64 0.299    
   Area restrictions influence drug use (yes vs. no) 0.59 0.28 - 1.23 0.160    
   Use drugs in public (>75% vs. ≤75% of the time) 1.18 0.77 - 1.81 0.446    
  1. Notes: model adjusted for cohort of recruitment; * "sexual minority" refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, or other orientation; † refers to activities in the past 6 months; ‡ CES-D refers to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.