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Table 1 Distribution of socio-demographic characteristics and proportion that have heard of thalassaemia (N = 3723)

From: Public perceptions and attitudes toward thalassaemia: Influencing factors in a multi-racial population

Socio-demographic variables All participants
N = 3723 n (%)
Have heard of thalassaemia
n (%)
   Yes
n = 2846
No
n = 877
Gender    
Male 1202 (32.3) 809 (67.3) 393 (32.7)
Female 2521 (67.7) 2037 (80.8) 484 (19.2)
Marital status    
Never married 1213 (32.6) 970 (80.0) 243 (20.0)
Ever married 2510 (67.4) 1876 (74.7) 634 (25.3)
Ethnicity    
Malay bumiputra 2337 (62.8) 2050 (87.7) 287 (12.3)
Chinese 837 (22.5) 484 (57.8) 353 (42.2)
Indian 332 (8.9) 153 (46.1) 179 (53.9)
Non-Malay bumiputra 205 (5.5) 154 (75.1) 51 (24.9)
Others 12 (0.3) 5 (41.7) 7 (58.3)
Age    
18-35 895 (24.0) 658 (73.5) 237 (26.5)
26-35 984 (26.4) 798 (81.1) 186 (1839)
36-45 1132 (30.4) 907 (80.1) 225 (19.9)
46-55 712 (19.1) 483 (67.8) 229 (32.2)
Highest education attainment    
Primary school 275 (7.4) 139 (50.5) 136 (49.5)
Secondary school 1983 (53.3) 1431 (72.2) 552 (27.8)
University 1465 (39.3) 1276 (87.1) 189 (12.9)
Occupation    
Self employed 315 (8.5) 219 (69.5) 96 (30.5)
Professional and managerial 986 (26.5) 858 (87.0) 128 (13.0)
Skilled workers 610 (16.4) 492 (80.7) 118 (19.3)
Unskilled workers 288 (7.7) 172 (59.7) 116 (40.3)
Student 499 (12.1) 332 (73.9) 117 (26.1)
Housewife 833 (23.7) 659 (74.3) 227 (25.7)
Unemployed 122 (3.3) 82 (67.2) 40 (32.8)
Retired 70 (1.9) 35 (50.0) 35 (50.0)
Average monthly household income (RM)    
<2000 1535 (41.9) 1083 (70.6) 452 (29.4)
2001-4000 1249 (34.1) 984 (78.8) 265 (21.2)
>4001 876 (23.9) 753 (86.0) 123 (14.0)
Locality    
Urban 2393 (64.3) 1794 (75.0) 599 (25.0)
Rural 1330 (35.7) 1052 (79.1) 278 (20.9)
  1. † Number of respondents less than 3723 (total respondent) due to non-response.
  2. ‡ The national average monthly household income in Malaysian Ringgit (RM) is RM3,686 (US$1 = RM3.24, as of April 2, 2010)