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Table 3 Association between number of tests and women's socio-economic characteristics and health facility of first antenatal care visit and first HIV test

From: Number and timing of antenatal HIV testing: Evidence from a community-based study in Northern Vietnam

Variables 1 test n (%) 2+ tests n (%) p-value 2+ tests vs. 1 test
     Crude OR Adjusted* OR
  423 (42.3) 577 (57.7)    
Age (years)    p = 0.16   
15-24 101 (37.4) 169 (62.6)   1.3 (1.0 - 1.8)  
25-34 269 (44.2) 340 (55.8)   1.0  
35-49 53 (43.8) 68 (56.2)   1.0 (0.7 - 1.5)  
Number of children    p = 0.09   
1 205 (39.0) 320 (61.0)   1.3 (1.0 - 1.7)  
2 204 (45.8) 241(54.2)   1.0  
3-4 14 (46.7) 16 (53.3)   1.0 (0.5 - 2.3)  
Education level    p = 0.46   
Primary school 25 (51.0) 24 (49.0)   0.7 (0.4 - 1.4)  
Secondary school 116 (40.3) 172 (59.7)   1.2 (0.9 - 1.6)  
High school/vocational 131 (41.0) 188 (58.9)   1.1 (0.8 - 1.5)  
College/University 151 (43.9) 193 (56.1)   1.0  
Occupational    p = 0.31   
Housewife/Unemployed 165 (42.3) 225 (57.7)   1.1 (0.8 - 1.4)  
Farmer/seasonal work 23 (31.9) 49 (68.1)   1.7 (1.0 - 2.8)  
Government staff/workers 142 (43.7) 183 (56.3)   1.0  
Business/Other jobs 93 (43.7) 120 (56.3)   1.0 (0.7 - 1.4)  
Residence    p < 0.0001   
Urban area 142 (48.8) 149 (51.2)   1.0 1.0
Semi-urban area 128 (33.9) 250 (66.1)   1.9 (1.4 - 2.6) 1.8 (1.3 - 2.6)
Remote rural area 153 (46.2) 178 (53.8)   1.1 (0.8 - 1.5) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.7)
Monthly income (million VND)    p = 0.54   
<1.5 96 (43.2) 128 (56.8)   1.0 (0.7 - 1.4)  
1.5 - 2.5 101(43.9) 129 (56.1)   1.0 (0.7 - 1.4)  
2.5 - 3.5 133 (43.6) 172 (56.4)   1.0  
>3.5 93 (38.3) 150 (61.7)   1.3 (0.9 - 1.8)  
HF of 1 st HIV testing    p < 0.0001   
Primary HFs 114 (26.3) 320 (73.7)   4.7 (3.5 - 6.4) 6.8 (4.4 - 10.6)
Secondary HFs 97 (42.7) 130 (57.3)   2.2 (1.6 - 3.2) 4.9 (2.9 - 8.1)
Tertiary HF 212 (62.5) 127 (37.5))   1.0 1.0
HF of 1 st ANC visit 381 (41.8) 513 (58.2) p < 0.0001   
Primary HFs 46 (27.4) 122 (72.6)   2.9 (1.9 - 4.3) 1.0 (0.6 - 1.7)
Secondary HFs 188 (40.9) 272 (59.1)   1.6 (1.2 - 2.1) 0.8 (0.6 - 1.3)
Tertiary HF 147 (51.8) 137 (48.2)   1.0 1.0
  1. * Adjusted for Residence of the women.