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Table 2 Association between lack of antenatal HIV test and women's socio-economic characteristics, place and timing of first antenatal care and PMTCT information

From: Number and timing of antenatal HIV testing: Evidence from a community-based study in Northern Vietnam

Variables Lack of test n (%) Tested n (%) p-value Lack of test vs. Tested
     Crude OR Adjusted* OR
  108 (9.7) 1000 (90.3)    
Age    p = 0.8   
15-24 30 (10.1) 270 (90.0)   1.1 (0.7 - 1.7) -
25-34 63 (9.4) 609 (90.6)   1.0 -
35-49 15 (11.0) 121 (89.0)   1.2 (0.7 - 2.2) -
Number of children    p = 0.02   
1 38 (6.7) 525 (93.3)   1.0 1.0
2 67 (13.1) 445 (86.9)   2.1 (1.4 - 3.2) 2.1 (1.3 - 3.4)
3-4 3 (9.1) 30 (90.9)   1.4 (0.4 - 4.3) 0.6 (0.3-3.0)
Education level    p = 0.007   
Primary school 10 (16.9) 49 (83.1)   2.4 (1.1 - 5.3) 1.5 (0.5 - 4.5)
Secondary school 44 (13.3) 288 (86.7)   1.8 (1.1 - 3.0) 1.4 (0.7 - 2.7)
High school/vocational 25 (7.3) 319 (92.7)   0.9 (0.5 - 1.6) 0.7 (0.4 - 1.4)
College/University 29 (7.8) 344 (92.2)   1.0 1.0
Occupational    p = 0.01   
Housewife/Unemployed 41 (9.5) 390 (90.5)   1.3 (0.8 - 2.1) 1.2 (0.6 - 2.3)
Farmer/seasonal work 17 (19.1) 72 (80.9)   2.8 (1.5 - 5.5) 2.2 (0.9 - 5.1)
Government staff/workers 27 (7.7) 325 (92.3)   1.0 1.0
Business/Others jobs 23 (9.7) 213 (90.3)   1.3 (0.7 - 2.3) 1.4 (0.7 - 2.7)
Residence    p < 0.0001   
Urban area 9 (3.0) 291 (97.0)   1.0 1.0
Semi-urban area 17 (4.3) 378 (95.7)   1.5 (0.6 - 3.3) 1.9 (0.8 - 4.6)
Remote rural area 82 (19.9) 331 (80.1)   8.0 (4.0 - 16.2) 7.8 (3.4 - 17.8)
Monthly income(million VND)    p = 0.16   
<1.5 33 (12.9) 222 (87.1)   1.6 (1.0 - 2.8) -
1.5 - 2.5 27(10.5) 230 (89.5)   1.3 (0.7 - 2.2) -
>2.5 - 3.5 28 (8.4) 305 (91.6)   1.0 -
>3.5 20 (7.6) 243 (92.4)   0.9 (0.5 -1.6) -
HF for 1 st ANC    p < 0.0001   
Primary HFs 11 (6.1) 284 (95.9)   1.6 (0.7 - 3.6) 0.6 (0.2 - 1.7)
Secondary HFs 73 (13.7) 460 (86.3)   3.8 (2.0 - 7.0) 1.4 (0.7 - 3.0)
Tertiary HF 12 (4.1) 284 (31.1)   1.0 1.0
Time of Gestation at 1 st ANC    p = 0.02   
< = 28 weeks 89 (9.1) 887 (90.9)   1.0 1.0
>28 weeks 7 (21.9) 25 (78.1)   2.8 (1.2 - 6.6) 3.6 (1.3 10.1)
Provided Information about PMTCT at 1 st ANC visit    p < 0.0005   
No 92 (12.3) 657 (87.7)   9.0 (3.3-24.6) 7.4 (2.6 - 21.1)
Yes 4 (1.5) 256 (98.5)   1.0 1.0
  1. * Adjusted for Number of children, Educational level, Occupation and Residence of the women.