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Table 3 Weight gain, oral glucose tolerance test at weeks 26-28 and requirement of insulin therapy (mean ± SD or numbers, percentage in parentheses).

From: Feasibility of a lifestyle intervention in early pregnancy to prevent deterioration of glucose tolerance

Outcomes Lifestyle intervention group n = 27a Close follow-up group n = 27 p valueb
Total weight gain (kg) 11.4 ± 6.0 13.9 ± 5.1 NS
Weight at the end of pregnancy ( kg) 88.6 ± 14.4 84.1 ± 11.3 NS
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 4.6 ± 0.4 4.4 ± 0.3 NS
OGTT 1-hour glucose (mmol/l) 6.9 ± 1.7 6.9 ± 1.7 NS
OGTT 2-hour glucose (mmol/l) 6.1 ± 1.4 6.0 ± 1.2 NS
Area under the curve (mmol/l/2 h) 12.3 ± 2.4 12.1 ± 2.2 NS
Gestational diabetes 3 (11.1) 1 (3.7) NS
Insulin therapy 0 0 NS
  1. aAn OGTT was carried out in 26 (96.3%) women in the lifestyle intervention group.
  2. bp value: Student's t-test for independent samples or Fisher's exact test was used.