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Table 1 Typology of interventions to help long-term sick and disabled people into work

From: Assembling the evidence jigsaw: insights from a systematic review of UK studies of individual-focused return to work initiatives for disabled and long-term ill people

Focus Intervention type and programme logic Examples of interventions
work environment Tackling discrimination Legislate to outlaw discrimination by employers against disabled/long-term sick in recruitment and retention of staff Disability Discrimination Act 1995
  Improving workplace and employment accessibility Legal or financial measures to remove or reduce barriers to accessibility of work and employment for the disabled/long-term sick Access to Work scheme
  Offering financial incentives to employers Job creation or financial incentives to employers to employ disabled and long-term sick to increase employment opportunities. Job Introduction Scheme; Work Trial
  Enhancing return to work planning Improve provision for planned return to work and for agencies to cooperate and integrate services offered Forthcoming Fit for Work service
individual Offering financial incentives/disincentives for welfare claimants Financial incentives/reduced benefit generosity to increase incentives to gain employment Tax credits; Return to Work Credit, Job Preparation Premium
  Individualised case management and job search assistance Individualised vocational advice/job search assistance on a case management basis ONE Advisory Service; New Deal for Disabled People; Pathways to Work
  Education, training and work trial Improve claimants' skills, education and training to increase 'employability' Residential Training; Work Preparation; Work Trial
  Health condition/impairment management Medical rehabilitation and/or advice on health condition management to improve fitness to work. Condition Management Programme
  1. Source: Adapted from Whitehead et al, 2009 [13], Table