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Table 1 Baseline participant characteristics

From: Feasibility and acceptability of a multiple risk factor intervention: The Step Up randomized pilot trial

  Overall
(n = 52)
n (%)
Usual Care
(n = 25)
n (%)
Experimental
(n = 27)
n (%)
p
Female 35 (67%) 17 (63%) 18 (72%) 0.49
White 33 (64%) 20 (74%) 16 (64%) 0.44
Married/living with partner 26 (50%) 14 (52%) 12 (48%) 0.78
Education     0.63
   College degree or greater 15 (29%) 7 (26%) 8 (32%)  
Smoking stage of change     0.85
   Precontemplation 15 (29%) 9 (33%) 6 (24%)  
   Contemplation 21 (40%) 9 (33%) 12 (48%)  
   Preparation 16 (31%) 9 (33%) 7 (28%)  
Taking antidepressant 35 (67%) 17 (62%) 18 (72%) 0.49
  Mean (SD a) Mean (SD a) Mean (SD a) p
Age 44.5 (11.8) 45.4 (11.8) 43.5 (11.8) 0.57
Nicotine Dependence b 2.37 (2.06) 2.26 (2.14) 2.46 (2.02) 0.74
Cigarettes/day 10.6 (7.2) 11.1 (7.5) 10.0 (6.9) 0.61
Depressive symptom score c 1.77 (0.61) 1.68 (0.64) 1.87 (0.57) 0.26
Physical activity     
   Days/week walk for exercise 1.52 (1.82) 1.48 (1.97) 1.56 (1.69) 0.88
   Vigorous minutes/week 42.5 (142.3) 73.3 (193) 9.2 (18) 0.26
   Moderate minutes/week 127.4 (295.4) 137.4 (270) 116.6 (326) 0.80
   Walking per week (minutes) 257.3 (451.0) 264.8 (494) 249.2 (409) 0.90
   Walking per week (hours) 4.3 (7.5) 4.4 (8.2) 4.2 (6.8) 0.90
   Sitting per week (minutes) 510.0 (231.4) 546.7 (225) 470.4 (236) 0.24
Self-efficacy d     
   Quitting smoking 6.48 (2.26) 6.15 (2.37) 6.84 (2.14) 0.27
   Regular physical activity 6.49 (1.74) 6.33 (1.49) 6.84 (2.14) 0.50
   Managing depression 5.88 (1.37) 6.04 (1.21) 5.7 (1.52) 0.37
Motivation d     
   Quitting smoking 8.23 (2.14) 8.19 (2.47) 8.28 (1.77) 0.87
   Physical Activity 7.98 (1.51) 8.11 (1.4) 7.84 (1.62) 0.52
   Getting help managing depression 8.16 (2.26) 8.04 (2.58) 8.29 (1.88) 0.69
  1. a Standard deviation (SD).
  2. b Nicotine dependence assessed using FTND. Scores range from 0 to 10.
  3. c Depressive symptoms assessed via Hopkins SCL-D. Scores range from 0 to 4.
  4. d Scores range from 0 'not at all' to 10 'extremely'.