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Table 5 Adjusted Odds Ratio (each variable adjusted for the rest in one model*) and 95% Confidence Interval of causes of maternal mortality according to age group, educational level, regional difference and marital status of 602 women in the reproductive age 15-49 years

From: Distribution of causes of maternal mortality among different socio-demographic groups in Ghana; a descriptive study

Variables Haemorrhage (Ante partum and Postpartum)
OR (95%CI)
Other Infectious Diseases
OR (95%CI)
Abortion(Medical, Attempted, failed, other, unspecified)
OR (95%CI)
Miscellaneous
OR(95%CI)
Other non-Infectious diseases
OR(95%CI)
Age group(years)      
12-14* - - μ - -
15-19 0.9(0.3-2.3) 0.9(0.4-2.2) 0.8(0.4-1.9) 1.4(0.5-3.9) 0.9(0.4-2.3)
20-24 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
25-29 1.3(0.7-2.4) 0.6(0.3-1.2) 0.4(0.2-0.9) 1.3(0.6-3.1) 1.4(0.7-2.7)
30-34 1.7(0.9-3.2) 0.5(0.2-1.1) 0.7(0.3-1.4) 1.8(0.8-4.2) 0.5(0.2-1.2)
35-39 2.6(1.4-4.9) 0.4(0.2-0.9) 0.3(0.1-0.7) 2.1(0.9-4.8) 0.7(0.3-1.5)
40-44 1.2(0.5-2.8) 0.3(0.1-1.0) 0.8(0.3-2.1) 3.7(1.5-9.2) 0.6(0.2-1.7)
45-49 0.7(0.1-3.5) - 2.6(0.8-8.8) 0.8(0.1-6.3) 1.0(0.2-4.7)
Educational level      
Never Attended 1.2(0.3-4.6) 2.3(0.3-18.9) 0.8(0.1-7.0) 1.1(0.2-5.7) 0.9(0.2-4.6)
Basic Education 1.1(0.3-4.3) 1.4(0.2-11.1 0.9(0.1-7.8) 1.2(0.2-5.8) 0.5(0.1-2.6)
Senior High Sch. 1.0(0.2-4.3) 1.5(0.2-13.4) 1.7(0.2-15.7) 1.2(0.2-6.9) 0.6(0.1-3.3)
Tertiary/Higher 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
Residence      
Urban 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
Rural 1.3(0.8-2.1) 0.9(0.5-1.5) 1.3(0.7-2.2) 0.9(0.6-1.6) 1.1(0.6-1.8)
Marital Status      
Single 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
Married 2.7(1.2-5.7) 2.0(0.9-4.5) 0.2(0.1-0.4) 0.8(0.4-1.6) 0.9(0.5-1.9)
  1. * Age (adjusted for education, regional difference and marital status)
  2. * Education (adjusted for age, regional difference and marital status)
  3. * Residence (adjusted for age, education and marital status)
  4. * Marital status (adjusted for age, education and regional difference)
  5. μ: the age group 12-14years were left out because there was not enough data (only 2cases) to be included in the model for logistic regression analysis.