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Table 4 Crude Odds Ratio(OR) and 95% Confidence Interval of causes of maternal mortality according to age group, educational level, regional difference and marital status of 602 women in the reproductive age 15-49 years

From: Distribution of causes of maternal mortality among different socio-demographic groups in Ghana; a descriptive study

Variables Haemorrhage(Ante partum and Postpartum)
OR (95%CI)
Other Infectious Diseases
OR(95%CI)
Abortion(Medical, Attempted, failed, other, unspecified)
OR (95%CI)
Miscellaneous
OR (95%CI)
Other non-Infectious diseases
OR (95%CI)
Age group(years)      
12-14 - - * - -
15-19 0.6(0.2-1.5) 0.6(0.3-1.5) 1.6(0.8-3.3) 1.6(0.6-4.2) 0.9(0.4-2.3)
20-24 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
25-29 1.3(0.7-2.4) 0.6(0.3-1.2) 0.4(0.2-0.8) .3(0.6-3.1) 1.4(0.7-2.7)
30-34 1.7(0.9-3.3) 0.6(0.3-1.1) 0.6(0.3-1.2) 1.8(0.8-4.6) 0.5(0.2-1.2)
35-39 2.7(1.4-5.0) 0.5(0.2-1.0) 0.2(0.1-0.6) 2.0(0.9-4.6) 0.7(0.3-1.6)
40-44 1.3(0.6-3.0) 0.4(0.1-1.1) 0.6(0.2-1.5) 3.5(1.5-8.7) 0.6(0.2-1.8)
45-49 0.7(0.2-3.5) - 2.1(0.7-6.8) 0.8(0.1-6.3) 1.0(0.2-4.6)
Educational level      
Never Attended 1.1(0.3-4.3) 2.6(0.3-20.6) 1.5(0.2-12.0) 0.9(0.2-4.1) 1.0(0.2-4.9)
Basic Education 0.9(0.3-3.5) 1.6(0.2-12.8) 2.0(0.3-15.7) 0.9(0.2-4.1) 0.6(0.1-3.0)
Senior High Sch. 0.8(0.2-3.4) 1.9(0.2-16.7) 2.9(0.3-24.6) 0.9(0.2-4.7) 0.7(0.1-4.0)
Tertiary/Higher 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
Residence      
Urban 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
Rural 1.3(0.9-2.0) 1.1(0.7-1.7) 1.1(0.7-1.7) 0.9(.6-1.5) 1.1(0.7-1.9)
Marital Status      
Single 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.) 1(Ref.)
Married 3.3(1.6-6.8) 1.7(0.8-3.5) 0.2(0.1-0.3) 0.9(0.5-1.7) 0.9(0.5-1.7)
  1. *The age group 12-14years were left out because there was not enough data (only 2cases) to be included in the model for logistic regression analysis.
  2. - No data