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Table 2 Communities' knowledge about cause, symptoms and treatment of TBL, Dubti and Amibara districts, Afar Region, north east Ethiopia, May 2009

From: Knowledge of cervical tuberculosis lymphadenitis and its treatment in pastoral communities of the Afar region, Ethiopia

Variable Dubti    Amibara    
  Female (%) Male (%) Total (%) Female (%) Male (%) Total (%) Total (%)
Have you ever heard TBL?        
Yes 137(85.1)* 216(93.1)* 353(89.8) 173(88.7)* 216(94.3) 389(91.7) 742(90.7)
No 24(14.9) 16(6.9) 40(10.2) 22(11.3) 13(5.7) 35(8.3) 76(9.3)
Cause of TBL:        
   Bacteria/germ 1(0.7) 2(0.9) 3(0.9) 4(2.3) 4(1.9) 8(2.1) 11(1.5)
   Cold air 56(40.9) 80(37.0) 136(38.5)* 43(25.0) 47(22.3) 90(23.5)* 226(30.7)
   Food problem 73(53.3) 107(49.5) 180(51.0)* 39(22.7) 41(19.4) 80(20.9)* 260(35.3)
   Smoking, chewing 19(13.9) 30(13.9) 49(13.9) 41(23.8) 34(16.1) 75(19.6) 124(16.9)
   Sun light 18(13.1) 34(15.7) 52(14.7) 26(15.1) 19(9.0) 45(11.7) 97(13.2)
   Dust 12(8.8) 21(9.7) 33(9.3)* 46(26.7)* 37(17.5)* 83(21.7)* 116(15.8)
Hot air 5(3.6) 8(3.7) 13(3.7) 26(15.1) 22(10.4) 48(12.5) 61(8.3)
Dirty blood, milk, etc 7(5.1) 27(12.5) 34(9.6) 14(8.1) 17(8.1) 31(8.1) 68(9.3)
   Do not know 36(26.5) 58(27.2) 94(26.9) 85(49.7) 100(47.4) 185(48.4) 279(37.9)
TBL is treatable:        
Yes 135(98.5) 211(97.7) 346(98.0)* 161(93.6) 206(95.4) 367(94.6)* 713(96.2)
No 0(0) 1(0.5) 1(0.3) 3(1.7) 2(0.9) 5(1.3) 6(0.8)
Do not know 2(1.5) 4(1.9) 6(1.7) 8(4.7) 8(3.7) 16(4.1) 22(3.0)
Treatment:        
Traditional medicine 30(22.2) 33(15.6) 63(18.2)* 82(50.9) 96(46.6) 178(48.5) 244(34.2)
Modern drug 98(72.6) 168(79.6) 266(76.9)* 77(47.8) 102(49.5) 179(48.8) 445(62.4)
Both 7(5.2) 10(4.7) 17(4.9) 1(0.6) 7(3.4) 8(2.2) 25(3.5)
Do not know 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 1(0.6) 1(0.5) 2(0.5) 2(0.3)
  1. *there was statistically significant difference