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Table 3 Kakwani Index by type of out of pocket expenditure

From: Maternal and neonatal health expenditure in mumbai slums (India): A cross sectional study

  Kakwani Index St. Err. P-Value
Total Expenditure 0.013 0.024 0.594
Direct Expenditure 0.037 0.027 0.161
Indirect Expenditure -0.152 0.020 0.000
Transport -0.126 0.025 0.000
Food -0.220 0.034 0.000
Income loss -0.418 0.090 0.000
Tips -0.090 0.025 0.000
Total Antenatal Exp. -0.042 0.022 0.052
Direct Antenatal Exp. -0.021 0.024 0.385
Indirect Antenatal Exp. -0.156 0.030 0.000
Total Delivery Exp. 0.024 0.022 0.290
Direct Delivery Exp. 0.052 0.025 0.041
Indirect Delivery Exp. -0.151 0.026 0.000
Total PNC Exp. -0.048 0.050 0.333
Direct PNC Exp. -0.046 0.053 0.388
Indirect PNC Exp. -0.072 0.050 0.150
Total NNC Exp. 0.139 0.139 0.316
Direct NNC Exp. 0.167 0.148 0.260
Indirect NNC Exp. -0.217 0.092 0.019
Total Public Exp. (delivery care) -0.214 0.033 0.000
Direct Public Exp. (delivery care) -0.185 0.043 0.000
Indirect Public Exp. (delivery care) -0.284 0.038 0.000
Total Private Exp. (delivery care) 0.068 0.034 0.047
Direct Private Exp. (delivery care) 0.079 0.036 0.027
Indirect Private Exp. (delivery care) -0.069 0.047 0.140