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Table 5 Characteristics for females (n = 2 448) and males (n = 2 411) started on cardiovascular medication (CVM) versus those not on treatment (females n = 8 521, males n = 6 872) in the period 1997-20081.

From: Does present use of cardiovascular medication reflect elevated cardiovascular risk scores estimated ten years ago? A population based longitudinal observational study

Characteristics 1997-99 Females Males
  CVM (n = 2 488) No CVM (n = 8 521) p-value* CVM (n = 2 411) No CVM (n = 6 872) p-value*
General health less than good 22.9 12.7 <0.001 16.1 10.7 <0.001
General health very good 14.1 23.5 <0.001 13.4 20.9 <0.001
Anxiety last 2 weeks1 4.2 2.5 <0.001 2.4 2.0 0.2
Depression last 2 weeks1 6.6 5.2 0.004 4.0 3.5 0.3
Muscular pain ≥ 3 months 56.0 45.9 <0.001 40.8 37.3 0.002
Use of other medication 63.7 50.4 <0.001 43.6 28.3 <0.001
Hard exercise < 1 hr/week 60.0 56.5 0.002 55.5 51.3 <0.001
Light exercise < 1 hr/week 18.3 15.0 <0.001 22.8 20.2 0.007
No use of alcohol 11.5 9.7 0.009 6.7 7.2 0.4
Daily cigarette smoking 38.0 35.8 0.04 36.5 34.5 0.07
Education < 12 years 61.8 52.8 <0.001 56.3 51.4 <0.001
Education ≥ 16 years 11.9 17.0 <0.001 15.0 18.9 <0.001
MI in relatives < 60 years 22.7 14.9 <0.001 23.0 13.7 <0.001
Stroke in relatives < 70 years 14.9 10.3 <0.001 13.0 9.2 <0.001
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD) 26.5 (4.8) 24.3 (3.7) <0.001 27.4 (3.6) 25.7 (3.6) <0.001
SBP, mmHg, mean (SD) 132.7 (17.2) 120.8 (12.2) <0.001 138.7 (15.3) 128.7 (15.3) <0.001
DBP, mmHg, mean (SD) 76.9 (11.4) 69.3 (9.0) <0.001 82.6 (11.0) 74.7 (8.9) <0.001
Chol, mmol/l, mean (SD) 5.8 (1.1) 5.3 (0.9) <0.001 6.1 (1.3) 5.6 (1.0) <0.001
Hdl chol, mmol/l, mean (SD) 1.31 (0.38) 1.42 (0.33) <0.001 1.06 (0.26) 1.15 (0.29) <0.001
TG, mmol/l, mean (SD) 1.72 (1.16) 1.29 (0.73) <0.001 2.62 (2.17) 1.99 (1.20) <0.001
Glucosis, mmol/l, mean (SD) 5.3 (1.4) 5.0 (0.9) <0.001 5.5 (1.3) 5.2 (1.0) <0.001
  1. 1Figures are proportions unless otherwise stated
  2. Myocardial infarction (MI), Body mass Index (BMI) Standard deviation (SD)
  3. Systolic Blood Pressure (SBT); Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBT); High Density Lipid (HDL); TriGlycerides (TG)
  4. 1Substantially or very much bothered
  5. *p-value for difference in propotions or in mean levels of each characteristic for females/males using CVM versus females/males not using CVM (chi square test/independentsamples t-test)