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Table 3 Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the effect of children's out-migration on elderly's experience of health problems (symptoms/diseases), perceived health status, chronic disease, illness and treatment-seeking behavior

From: Impact of children's migration on health and health care-seeking behavior of elderly left behind

  No out-migration of adult children = reference category
Dependent variables OR CI Cox & Shell R square
Mental health status (n = 28, 677)  
Symptoms of poor mental health (ref: No symptom)    
At least one poor mental health symptom 1.10*** 1.05-1.17 0.124
Perceived health status within previous 7 days (n = 28, 677)
Self-assessed health (ref: Good )    
Poor 1.03 0.98-1.09 0.128
Chronic diseases (n = 28, 677)
Chronic disease (ref: No)    
At least one chronic disease 1.02 0.97-1.08 0.161
Illness (n = 28, 677)
Felt sick during the previous 5 years (ref: No)    
Yes 1.00 0.95-1.07 0.116
Healthcare-seeking behavior (n = 18, 541)
Treatment sought for the last illness (ref: No)    
Yes 1.22*** 1.11-1.33 0.113
  1. Notes: Logistic regression was run separately for each dependent variable.
  2. Models were fitted after controlling for age, sex, place of residence, education, number of children, living arrangements, and household income.
  3. *** = p < 0.001