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Table 5 Regression analysis. Adjusted odds* of taking part in organised clubs or sports

From: Parental factors associated with walking to school and participation in organised activities at age 5: Analysis of the Millennium Cohort Study

Risk factor Adjusted Odd ratio 95%CI
Asian or African Child 0.43 0.35-0.53
Number in household (change for each additional member of the household) 0.92 0.88-0.96
Female child 1.36 1.23-1.5
Education: O'level compared to no qualifications 1.9 1.5-2.5
Education: A'level compared to no qualifications 2.5 1.8-3.6
Education: University compared to no qualifications 3.3 2.4-4.5
No access to car or van 0.6 0.5-0.7
Working mother 0.83 0.75-0.92
Middle income compared to low income 1.1 0.96-1.2
Higher income compared to low income 1.7 1.4-1.9
Area (comparison average area with poor area to raise a child) 1.04 0.84-1.3
Area (comparison of 'excellent' area with 'poor' area to raise a child) 1.4 1.12-1.7
Smoking near child 0.57 0.5-0.67
Mothers age (under 35 compared to over age 35) 1.13 1.03-1.25
Mother overweight or obese (compared to normal weight) 0.9 0.82-0.99
School Readiness Score (for each point improvement on score) 1.22 1.1-1.3
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (for each point increase in difficulties) 0.97 0.96-0.98
Parent plays with child (no qualifications) 2.0 1.5-2.7
Parent plays with child (O'level) 0.62 0.45-0.86
Parent plays with child (A'level) 0.65 0.42-0.99
Parent plays with child (Uni) 0.58 0.4-0.8
Plays physically active games 1.11 1.0-1.2
Takes child to playground 1.11 1.0-1.22
Child watches more than 3 hour TV per day 0.85 0.74-0.97
  1. *Adjusted odds means that they are entered into a regression model together and all the variables are therefore adjusted for the other variables in the model.
  2. Factors no longer related to participating in activities included; walking to school, perceived safety of area, health of parent, access to a garden, area/setting (urban, rural, village).