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Table 2 The proportion of positive responses to the harm information provided by different cigarette labels by gender, age groups, educational levels and smoking status

From: Reactions of Chinese adults to warning labels on cigarette packages: A survey in Jiangsu Province

   n Label A Label B Label C Label D Label E Label F P for Label B vs A P for Label B vs CDEF†‡
Gender Male 374 18.7 31.0 88.2 89.8 88.8 88.8 < 0.001 < 0.001
  Female 502 17.7 31.3 92.2 94.8 95.0 95.6 < 0.001 < 0.001
Age (yrs) 20- 338 16.3 32.0 90.8 94.1 93.2 93.8 < 0.001 < 0.001
  30- 293 14.0 25.3 92.2 93.2 92.5 92.8 0.001 < 0.001
  40 and above 245 25.7 37.1 88.2 90.2 91.0 91.0 0.006 < 0.001
Education levels* Low 151 23.8 30.5 89.4 92.1 91.4 94.0 0.196 < 0.001
  Medium 133 15.8 27.1 88.0 90.2 94.0 92.5 0.025 < 0.001
  High 590 17.1 32.4 91.4 93.4 92.2 92.4 < 0.001 < 0.001
Smoking status Current smoker 162 18.5 23.9 80.9 82.7 83.3 81.5 0.222 < 0.001
  Former smoker 46 17.4 24.1 84.8 89.1 82.6 89.1 0.021 < 0.001
  Non-smoker 668 18.1 33.4 93.3 95.4 95.2 95.7 < 0.001 < 0.001
Total   876 18.3 31.2 90.5 92.7 92.4 92.7 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. A positive answer means participants can understand the harm information provided by the label.
  2. *low, medium and high education refers to high school and below, technical secondary school, college and above, respectively.
  3. By chi-square test.
  4. Combination of labels C-F (positive answer to all labels were regarded as positive).