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Table 2 Descriptive Statistics for the Study Variables

From: Sun protection and sunbathing practices among at-risk family members of patients with melanoma

Variable % M SD Range
Demographics     
   Age   46.3 13.3 20-85
   Sex     
Female 62.4    
Male 37.6    
   Ethnicity     
White 99.1    
Non-white .0.9    
   Education level     
High school or less 15.1    
Some college 28.6    
College degree 31.4    
At least some graduate school 25.0    
   Marital status     
Married 68.1    
Not married 31.9    
   Relation to patient with melanoma     
Offspring 56.1    
Sibling 31.7    
Parent 11.9    
Medical Factors     
   Have health insurance 94.1    
   Visited a dentist in the past year 80.7    
   Doctor visits in the past year     
0 7.2    
1-2 33.9    
3-4 26.8    
≥ 5 32.1    
   Number of melanoma risk factors   2.6 1.1 1-5
   Patient disease stage     
0 17.1    
1 40.2    
2 22.9    
3 13.9    
4 5.9    
   Years since patient's diagnosis   2.7 1.5 0.2-6.2
< 1 13.1    
1 to < 2 27.9    
2 to < 3 16.3    
3 to < 4 20.9    
   Psychological Factors     
   Sun protection benefits   4.6 0.8 2.1-6.0
   Sunscreen barriers   2.3 1.0 1.0-5.4
   Sun protection behavior benefits   4.3 0.5 2-5
   Benefits of sunbathing   3.7 1.2 1-6
   Sunscreen self-efficacy   2.8 1.0 1-6
   Photo-aging concerns   5.1 1.0 1-6
   Overall perceived risk   46.9 22.7 0-100
   Comparative perceived risk   3.5 0.6 1-5
   Perceived melanoma severity   4.4 0.8 1-6
   Distress about patient's melanoma   2.8 1.2 1-5
Knowledge     
   Knowledge of sun protection guidelines   0.9 0.7 0-2
   Knowledge about sunscreen and sun exposure   9.1 1.5 3-11
Social Influence Factors     
   Physician recommendation for sun protection   0.6 0.8 0-3
   Image norms for tanness   3.5 0.8 1.2-6.0
   Sun protection norms   3.5 0.8 1.1-5.4
   Sunbathing norms   3.7 1.0 1.0-6.0
Outcome Variables     
   Sun protection behaviors   2.8 0.7 1.0-3.8
   Sunbathing   1.9 0.1 1-5
  1. Note: N = 545