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Table 2 Adjusted prevalence, prevalence rank order and O/E ratio of the 10 most prevalent triadic combinations of chronic conditions

From: Which chronic diseases and disease combinations are specific to multimorbidity in the elderly? Results of a claims data based cross-sectional study in Germany

Combinations of chronic conditions Rank (1) Prevalence in total cohort (2) Prevalence in mm-sample (3) Prevalence in male mm-sample (4) Prevalence in female mm-sample (5) O/E ratio of mm (6)
Hypertension + lipid metabolism disorders + chronic low back pain 1 7.5 12.1 11.1 12.6 1
Hypertension + chronic low back pain + osteoarthritis 2 6.4 10.4 8.1 11.8 1.3
Hypertension + lipid metabolism disorders + chronic ischemic heart disease 3 5.8 9.4 11.9 7.8 1.2
Hypertension + lipid metabolism disorders + diabetes mellitus 4 5.8 9.3 10.2 8.7 1,2
Hypertension + lipid metabolism disorders + osteoarthritis 5 5.4 8.6 6.6 9.9 1
Lipid metabolism disorders + chronic low back pain + osteoarthritis 6 4.7 7.5 6.1 8.4 1.4
Hypertension + lipid metabolism disorders + purine/pyrimidine metabolism disorders/gout 7 4.6 7.3 9.7 - 1.6
Hypertension + chronic low back pain + chronic ischemic heart disease 8 4.5 7.3 8.1 6.8 1
Hypertension + chronic low back pain + diabetes mellitus 9 4.5 7.3 7.1 7.4 1
Hypertension + diabetes mellitus + chronic ischemic heart disease 10 4.3 6.9 8.3 6.0 1,3
  1. For adjustment of the prevalences see Additional File 1; rank order according to prevalence in the sample;
  2. mm = multimorbidity
  3. mm-sample = multimorbid sample; O/E ratio = observed-to-expected ratio