Skip to main content

Table 1 Age-adjusted associations of lifestyle factors with male reproductive health problems: OR (95% CI)

From: Determinants of male reproductive health disorders: the Men in Australia Telephone Survey (MATeS)

Characteristic Number of men in each categorya ED LUTS PD pAD
Prevalence of condition   21.3% (1012/4753a) 16% (811/4986) 14% (677/4993) 31% (1172/3756)
Waist circumference (cm)      
Small (<94) 2470 0.7 (0.6-0.9)* 0.9 (0.7-1.1) 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.7 (0.6-0.9)**
Medium (94.0-101.9) 939 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent)
Large (≥ 102) 952 1.3 (1.0-1.6) 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 1.2 (1.0-1.5)
BMI (kg/m 2 )      
Underweight (<20) 111 2.4 (1.3-4.3)* 0.8 (0.5-1.3) 0.6 (0.4-1.0) 2.1 (1.2-3.8)
Acceptable (20.0-24.9) 1652 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent)
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 2282 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 0.9 (0.8-1.1) 0.9 (0.7-1.0) 1.2 (1.0-1.4)
Obese (≥ 30) 885 1.8 (1.4-2.2)** 1.2 (0.9-1.4) 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 1.8 (1.5-2.3)**
Alcohol consumption      
Abstainer 630 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent)
Low risk drinker 4002 0.7 (0.6-0.9)* 0.7 (0.6-0.9)* 1.0 (0.8-1.3) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Risky or high risk drinker§ 359 1.1 (0.8-1.6) 0.9 (0.6-1.3) 0.7 (0.4-1.0) 1.4 (1.0-1.9)
Cigarette smoking      
Current smoker|| 912 1.3 (1.0-1.6) 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 0.6 (0.4-0.8)* 1.3 (1.1-1.7)*
Former smoker 2321 1.2 (1.0-1.4) 1.0 (0.9-1.2) 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 1.3 (1.1-1.5)*
Never smoked 1769 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent)
Physical Activity      
Sedentary§§ 1166 1.5 (1.2-1.8)** 1.1 (0.9-1.4) 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 1.3 (1.1-1.6)*
Insufficient activity†† 2075 1.1 (0.9-1.3) 1.0 (0.8-1.1) 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 1.1 (0.9-1.3)
Sufficient activity‡‡ 1749 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent) 1.0 (referent)
  1. a Note: numbers included in each analysis differ slightly from those presented here due to missing data.
  2. * p < 0.01 ** p < 0.001
  3. Do not consume alcohol; Drink up to 6 standard drinks on any one day, no more than three days a week; § Risky drinkers (7 to 10 standard drinks on any one day) and high risk drinkers (11 or more standard drinks on any one day)
  4. ||Currently smoke, daily, weekly or less often than weekly; Do not smoke now but have smoked at least 100 cigarettes or equivalent tobacco over a lifetime
  5. §§ No participation in physical activity; †† Some physical activity reported but not meeting 'sufficient' criteria; ‡‡ At least five separate sessions of vigorous-intensity activity