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Table 2 Associations between maternal perinatal depression and childhood gastrointestinal infections and childhood lower respiratory infections

From: Association between perinatal depression in mothers and the risk of childhood infections in offspring: a population-based cohort study

  Maternal perinatal depression
  No   Yes    
Childhood infections Events Rate per 10 person-years
(95% CI*)
Events Rate per 10 person-years
(95% CI*)
Rate difference
(95% CI*)
Unadjusted IRR#
(95% CI*)
GI infections
Age (years)
0-4 84999 2.44 (2.43-2.46) 11634 3.41 (3.35-3.47) 0.97 (0.90-1.03) 1.40 (1.37-1.42)
   0-1 34928 3.71 (3.67-3.75) 4950 5.31 (5.16-5.46) 1.60 (1.45-1.75) 1.43 (1.39-1.48)
   1-2 26845 3.02 (2.98-3.06) 3533 4.06 (3.93-4.19) 1.04 (0.90-1.18) 1.34 (1.30-1.39)
   2-3 14289 1.69 (1.66-1.72) 1981 2.40 (2.30-2.51) 0.71 (0.60-0.82) 1.42 (1.35-1.49)
   3-4 8937 1.11 (1.09-1.13) 1170 1.49 (1.41-1.58) 0.38 (0.30-0.47) 1.35 (1.27-1.43)
LRTIs
Age (years)
0-4 25143 0.72 (0.71-0.73) 3139 0.91 (0.88-0.94) 0.19 (0.16-0.23) 1.27 (1.22-1.32)
   0-1 12202 1.28 (1.26-1.31) 1632 1.72 (1.64-1.81) 0.44 (0.36-0.53) 1.35 (1.28-1.42)
   1-2 6530 0.73 (0.71-0.75) 725 0.82 (0.76-0.88) 0.09 (0.03-0.16) 1.13 (1.05-1.22)
   2-3 3783 0.45 (0.43-0.46) 454 0.55 (0.50-0.60) 0.10 (0.05-0.15) 1.23 (1.11-1.35)
   3-4 2628 0.33 (0.31-0.34) 328 0.42 (0.37-0.46) 0.09 (0.04-0.14) 1.28 (1.14-1.44)
  1. * Confidence interval
  2. # Incidence rate ratio
  3. Gastrointestinal infections
  4. Lower respiratory tract infections