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Table 3 Reported utility scores and summarized study descriptions

From: A systematic review of studies measuring health-related quality of life of general injury populations

Study Instrument Sample size (n) time point Index mean (SD) Study population
ALL INJURY PATIENTS      
Keyes, US [19] QOL 854 24 months 0.70 Adults
Meerding, Netherlands [36] EQ-5D 2904 2.5 months 0.86 all injury, age 15+
    2.5 months 0.63 hospitalized 15+
    5 months 0.74 hospitalized 15+
    9 months 0.74 hospitalized 15+
Polinder, Netherlands [3] EQ-5D 525 2.5 months 0.92 all injury, age 4-15
   379 5 months 0.96 all injury, age 4-15
   366 9 months 0.98 all injury, age 4-15
Polinder. Netherlands [37] EQ-5D 3231 2.5 months 0.60 all injury, age 15+
    5 months 0.70 all injury, age 15+
    9 months 0.76 all injury, age 15+
    24 months 0.73 all injury, age 15+
Sutherland, UK [32] SF-6D 200 2 months 0.61 Admitted, age 16-70
    6 months 0.62 Admitted, age 16-70
Watson, Australia [34] SF-6D 186 pre-injury 0.91 Admitted, age 18-74
   186 12 months 0.73 Admitted, age 18-74
SEVERE INJURY PATIENTS     
Gabbe, Australia [10] HAQ 243 discharge 0.44 ISS > 15, age 15-80
    6 months 0.54 ISS > 15, age 15-80
Holbrook US [1214] QWB 1048 discharge 0.40 GCS > 11, age 18+
    6 months 0.63 GCS > 11, age 18+
    12 months 0.67 GCS > 11, age 18+
    18 months 0.68 GCS > 11, age 18+
Holtslag, Netherlands [64] EQ-5D 335 15 months 0.69 ISS > 15, age 15+
Korosec, Slovenia [61] EQ-5D 98 24 months 0.72 ICU patients
Soberg, Norway [11] WHODAS II * 105 6 weeks 0.59 ISS > 15, age 18-67
    12 months 0.72 ISS > 15, age 18-67
    24 months 0.73 ISS > 15, age 18-67
  1. * WHODAS II disability weights were reversed to utility scores
  2. QOL = Satisfaction with Quality of Life instrument; EQ-5 D = European Quality of Life instrument -5 dimensions; SF-6D = Medical Outcome Study Short Form-6 dimensions; HAQ = Health Assessment Questionnaire; QWB = Quality of Well Being Scale; WHODASII = World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule version II