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Table 2 The clinical and metabolic characteristics in children

From: Prevalence and association between obesity and metabolic syndrome among Chinese elementary school children: a school-based survey

  Without MS(n = 1723) With MS (n = 121)
Age 9.33 ± 1.44 9.54 ± 1.26
Sex (Females, %) 48.6(838/1723) 56.2(68/121)
Pre-Pubertal(%) 97.2(1674/1723) 96.7(117/121)
Height (m) 1.35 ± 0.10 1.40 ± 0.09
WC(cm) 56.22 ± 7.43# 69.10 ± 8.46#
BMI (kg/m2) 16.32 ± 2.62# 20.55 ± 3.18#
SBP (mm Hg) 99.17 ± 10.87# 109.57 ± 12.13#
DBP (mm Hg) 64.78 ± 9.62# 72.60 ± 11.07#
TG (mg/dL) 59.29(44.25-79.65)# 124.78(104.87-164.16)#
HDL-C (mg/dL) 61.17 ± 11.64# 43.86 ± 9.32#
FBS (mg/dL) 82.51 ± 6.80 82.79 ± 7.68
Insulin (μU/ml) 5.70(4.05-8.10)# 9.85(6.48-13.85)#
HOMA-IR 1.17(0.81-1.67)# 2.13(1.26-2.84)#
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD or median (interquartile range). P-values compare variables between children with and without metabolic syndrome(MS). #P < 0.05.
  2. WC = waist circumference; BMI = body mass index; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; TG = triglycerides; HDL-C = high-density cholesterol; FBS = fasting blood sugar; HOMA = homeostasis assessment; IR = insulin resistance.