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Table 5 Association between stage of change (1 = Action stage, 0 = Preparation stage) and types of quitline service (Results of logistic regression analyses - OR - per quitline)

From: Smoking Cessation Quitlines in Europe: Matching Services to Callers' Characteristics

  DM FR IR IT NL NO UK
Type of service        
   Literature sent .44 .73 .77 1.28 - .32*** .58**
   Basic information (quick call) .65 .80 .70 .45* 1.04 1.18 .95
   Advice on how to quit .78 2.16*** 2.19* .99 1.34 .90 1.09
   Pharmacotherapy information .70 1.01 .69 .53 .76 1.01 .90
   Referral to outside service (eg., stop smoking course) .42* .88 .35 .15*** .51 .50 .19***
   Referral to a health professional .23 .86 .27*** .53 1.51 1.26 .63
   Counseling 1.42 1.28 .88 2.79* 1.58* .50 1.09
  1. Note DM = Danish quitline, FR = French quitline, IR = Irish quitline, IT = Italian quitline, NL = Dutch quitline, NO = Norwegian quitline, UK = United Kingdom quitline.
  2. *p < .05,** p < .01, *** p < .001;