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Table 4 Association between educational level (1 = Low, 0 = Medium or High) and types of quitline service (Results of logistic regression analyses -OR - per quitline)

From: Smoking Cessation Quitlines in Europe: Matching Services to Callers' Characteristics

  DM FR IR IT NL NO UK
Number of respondents 410 604 426 520 491 528 390
Type of service        
   Literature sent .84 1.10 1.02 1.01 - 1.14 1.12
   Basic information (quick call) .94 1.16 1.30 1.19 1.04 .74 1.65
   Advice on how to quit .92 .81 .64 1.49 1.25 1.34 .96
   Pharmacotherapy information 1.04 .87 .92 1.29 2.27*** .97 .94
   Referral to outside service (eg., stop smoking course) 1.17 .27 .46 .87 1.29 .56 .84
   Referral to a health professional 1.27 1.54 1.19 .65 1.43 1.12 2.68***
   Counselling .80 1.51 .77 .44 .77 1.05 1.22
  1. Note. DM = Danish quitline, FR = French quitline, IR = Irish quitline, IT = Italian quitline, NL = Dutch quitline, NO = Norwegian quitline, UK = United Kingdom quitline.
  2. *** p < .001, # number of respondents lower compared to table 1 due to missings on the education variable