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Table 3 Risk of neonatal mortality related to distance from home to closest health facility, stratified by socio-economic variables, in Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam

From: Distance decay in delivery care utilisation associated with neonatal mortality. A case referent study in northern Vietnam

   Cases
(n)
Ref
(n)
Odds ratio* Confidence interval (95%)
Household economy      
Non-poor Close 68 317 Ref  
  Remote 48 159 1.40 0.92 - 2.13
Poor Close 10 41 Ref  
  Remote 54 80 2.84 1.30 - 6.21
Mother's ethnicity      
Kinh Close 45 226 Ref  
  Remote 23 104 1.30 0.75 - 2.28
Minority Close 33 92 Ref  
  Remote 79 135 1.61 0.99 - 2.62
Maternal education      
Completed
1° school (≥5 y)
Close 68 325 Ref  
  Remote 46 165 0.84 0.86 - 2.01
Not completed
1° school (<5 y)
Close 10 33 Ref  
  Remote 54 73 2.59 1.16 - 5.82
  1. "Close" representing 1st to 3rd distance quintiles (<1257 m), "Remote" representing 4th and 5th quintiles.
  2. * Odds ratios adjusted for maternal age and marital status at delivery.