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Table 2 Chi-square bivariate analysis on characteristics associated with breastfeeding initiation in the first hour after birth

From: Determinants of breastfeeding initiation within the first hour of life in a Brazilian population: cross-sectional study

Variables

Breastfeeding within the first hour of life

Prevalence Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)

p

 

Yes (%)

No (%)

  

Birth weight

   ≥2,500 g

593 (47.6)

653 (52.4)

1.30 (0.94-1.82)

0.085

   <2,500 g

23 (36.5)

40 (63.5)

  

Gestational age at birth

   Term

592(47.5)

654 (52.5)

1.25 (0.91-1.72)

0.144

   Preterm

24 (38.1)

39 (61.9)

  

Parity

   Multiparity

319 (48.9)

333 (51.1)

1.08 (0.97-1.21)

0.180

   First-time mother

297 (45.2)

360 (54.8)

  

Mother's previous experience with breastfeeding

   Present

309 (48.9)

323 (51.1)

1.08 (0.96-1.21)

0.199

   Absent

307 (45.3)

370 (54.7)

  

Mother's age at delivery

   ≥20 years

477 (45.2)

579 (54.8)

0.82 (0.72-0.94)

0.005

   <20 years

139 (54.9)

114 (45.1)

  

Maternal educational level

   >4 years of study

360 (44.1)

456 (55.9)

0.85 (0.76-0.95)

0.006

   ≤4 years of study

256 (51.9)

237 (48.1)

  

Montly Family income

   ≥2 minimum wage

228 (37.7)

376 (62.3)

0.69(0.61-0.78)

<0.001

   <2 minimum wage

388 (55.0)

317 (45.0)

  

Prenatal breastfeeding class

   Yes

171 (50.7)

166 (49.3)

1.11 (0.98-1.26)

0.116

   No

445 (45.8)

527 (54.2)

  

Prenatal guidance regarding the advantages of breastfeeding

   Yes

437 (52.7)

392 (47.3)

1.41 (1.24-1.61)

0.000

   No

179 (37.3)

301 (62.7)

  

Method of delivery

Vaginal

481 (65.8)

250 (34.2)

2.82 (2.41-3.30)

<0.001

Cesarean or forceps

135 (23.4)

443 (76.6)