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Table 6 Barriers to utilisation of oral health care services among mothers who did not visit dentist (n = 88)

From: Factors associated with dental visit and barriers to utilisation of oral health care services in a sample of antenatal mothers in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia

Variables Frequency (%)
Misperceptions/misconceptions  
   Not having any dental problems 58 (65.9)
   Oral health is not/less important 9 (10.2)
   Negative effect of treatment on fetus 14 (15.9)
Dental fears  
   Fear to dentist 1 (1.1)
   Fear to dental instrument 9 (10.2)
   Fear to dental treatment 10 (11.4)
   Fear to dental pain 25 (28.4)
   Bad dental experience 8 (9.1)
Accessibility to dental clinic  
   Long distance 12 (13.6)
   Long travelling time 4 (4.5)
   No self transport 6 (6.8)
   Difficult to get a public transport 5 (5.7)
   Expensive fee for public transport 2 (2.3)
Time constraints  
   Busy at work 34 (38.6)
   Unable to get permission for leave from employer 13 (14.8)
   Busy with household chores 27 (30.7)
Dissatisfaction with the quality of services  
   Late appointment 33 (37.5)
   Long waiting time 63 (71.6)
   No immediate treatment given 57 (64.8)
   Poor service at the registration counter 9 (10.2)
   Poor attitude of the staff 7 (8.0)
   Poor attitude of the dentist 4 (4.5)
   Poor condition of the treatment room 4 (4.5)
   Poor confidence with the services rendered 8 (9.1)
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